Skip to main content

Full text of "Crisis"

See other formats


Vol. 20-No. 6 

OCTOBER, 1920 

Whole No. 120 





A Branch of the N. A. A. C. P. 

A prominent minister in a western town wrote a few days ago to the National 
Office of the N. A. A. C. P. asking for help for an aged colored man who had 
been left by the owner as caretaker in a white home, whose presence was resented 
by the white neighbors, who was attacked by a crowd of thirty men, who defended 
himself when fired upon by firing in return but struck no one — and who was 
sentenced to four years in jail for resisting arrest. The minister writes: 

"Had there been a branch of the N. A. A. C. P. in our town when the 
trouble first started, it could have prevented all that has happened. 
Please send me instructions for organizing a branch so that we may be 
prepared when future incidents oi this kind take place." 


They are using all legal and legitimate means of protecting colored citizens 
not only of their own communities, but of every community in "the United States. 
What is your community doing? What are you doing? When one Negro is 
lynched, disfranchised, discriminated against — every Negro in the United States 
is lynched, disfranchised, discriminated against in spirit. No Negro is free from 
prejudice until all Negroes are free. 

If you have no branch in your city, write immediately for information re- 
garding the formation of one to 

The National Association for the 
Advancement of Colored People 

70 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

National Officers 








Executive Officers 

Chairman of the Board 

Acting Secretary 

Assistant Secretary 


Associate Field Secretary 






Vol. 20— No. 6 OCTOBER, 1920 Whole No. 120 

COVER. Home of A. H. Herndon, Atlanta. 



MEN OF THE MONTH- • ■ 287 


THE SLEEPER WAKES. A Novelette. Jessie Fauset. Illustrated by Laura 

Wheeler 267 

THE ELECTION COMES. Ernest R. McKinney 274 

RAIN-MIST. A Poem. Charles Bertram Johnson 282 







THE HORIZON • • • • • 288 


The November CRISIS will celebrate our Tenth Anniversary. The Christmas CRISIS in 
colors will outdo its beautiful predecessors. 

Do not forget The CRISIS Calendar for 1921. 



RENEWALS: The date of expiration of each subscription is printed on the wrapper. When 
the subscription is due, a blue renewal blank is enclosed. 

CHANGE OF ADDRESS: The address of a subscriber can be changed as often as desired. 
In ordering a change of address, both the old and the new address must be given. Two weeks' 
notice is required. 

MANUSCRIPTS and drawings relating to colored people are desired. They must be accom- 
panied by return postage. If found unavailable they will be returned. 

Entered as second class matter November 2, 1910, at the post office at New York, New 
York, under the Act of March 3, 1879. 


National Training School 


A School for the Training of Colored Young 
Men and Women for Service 

Though it is young in history, the Institution feels a just pride in the work thus 
far accomplished, for its graduates are already filling many responsible positions, 
thus demonstrating the aim of the school to train men and women for useful 


The Grammar School The Teacher Training Department 

The Academy The Divinity School 

The School of Arts and Science! The Commercial Department 

The Department of Music The Department of Home Economic! 

The Department of Social Service 


For further information and Catalog, address 

President James E. Shepard, Durham, North Carolina 


Washington, D. C. 

J. STANLEY DURKEE, A.M., Ph.D., President 
EMMETT J. SCOTT, A.M., LL.D., Secretary-Treasurer. 

Collegiate and Professional Schools 

Junior College, covering the Freshman and Sophomore years, and leading to the Senior Colleges. 

Senior College, consisting of the Schools of Liberal Arts, Education, Journalism and Commerce 
and Finance, granting respectively the degrees, A.B. or B.S.; A.B. or B.S. in Edu- 
cation; B.S. in Journalism; B.S. in Commerce. 

School of Applied Science, four year course, giving degree, B.S. in C.E. ; B.S. in E.E. ; B.S. 
in M.E. ; B.S. in .Architecture; B.S. in Agriculture, and B.S. in Household Economics. 

School of Music, four year course, giving degree of Mus.B. 

School of Religion, three year course, giving degree of B.D. (Also Diploma and Correspondence 

School of Law, three year evening course, giving degree of LL.B. 

School of Medicine, including Medical, Dental, Pharmaceutical Colleges. Four year course for 
Medical and Dental students; three years for Pharmaceutical students. Following de- 
degrees given: M.D., D.D.S., Phar.C. 

Students may enter for Collegiate Work at the beginning of any quarter. 


Autumn Quarter September 27 to 29, 1920 

Winter Quarter January 3, 1921 

Spring Quarter March 19 and 21, 1921 

For Catalog and Information, write 

DWIGHT O. W. HOLMES, Registrar 
Howard University, Washington, D. C. 

Mention Tjul Crisis. 



Atlanta University 

Ii beautifmily located in the City of Atlanta, 6a. 
Tke couriei of itudy include High School, .Normal 
School and College, with Manual training and do- 
mestic science. Among the teachers are graduate? 
of Yale, Harvard, Dartmouth and Wellesley. Fifty 
years of successful work have been completed. 
Students tome from all parts of the south. Grad- 
uates are almost universally successful. 
For further information address 

President EDWARD T. WARE 




| Beautiful Situation. Healthful Location. I 

E Best Moral and Spiritual Environment. 

§ Splendid Intellectual Atmosphere. 

s Noted for Honest and Thorough "Work. 

1 Institution offers full courses in the fol- § 

= lowing departments : College, Normal, High I 

I School, Grammar School, Domestic Science, 1 

| Nurse Training and Industrial. 

| Good water, steam heat, electric lights, 1 
1 natural drainage, splendid dormitories. Ex- | 
| penses very reasonable. 

1 Began September 15, 1920. 

I For catalog and other information address | 


| Knoxville, Tenn. 




Over 100 acres of beautiful campus. Twelve buildings 
with new $100,000 administration building with modern 
chapel and gymnasium under construction. Strong facul- 
ty — Religious atmosphere — Athletics — Co-educational. Ad- 
mission only by application. 

Junior High School — 7th and 8th Grades and 1st and 
2nd Years' High School Courses, with Certificate. 

Junior College — 3rd and 4th Year High School with 
Freshman and Sophomore years of College work, with 

College — Four years above High School, or two years 

above Junior College Course, with degree of A.B. 

Domestic Science — Commerce — Normal — 

Pre-medical Course 

51st year of nine months opened September 22, 1920. 

$16.00 per month pays tuition, board, room and laundry. 


W$t jFIortba &ancultural 
anb jWecljamcal College 

Offers courses leading to certificates, 
diplomas and degrees. 

Nathan B. Young, President 

Tallahassee, Florida 


is ranked In Class 1 

among colleges for colored students by the 

American Medical Association. 

The College and Theological Seminary 

Address opened Sept. 21, 1920 

Lincoln University, Chester County, Pa* 


(Formerly Atlanta Baptist College) 

College, Academy, Divinity School 
An institution famous within recent years 
for its emphasis on all sides of manly develop- 
ment — the only institution in the far South 
devoted solely to the education of Negro 
young men. 

Graduates given high ranking by greatest 
northern universities. Debating, Y. M. C. A., 
athletics, all live features. 
For information, address 

JOHN HOPE, President. 


Founded 1866 

Thorough. Literary, Scientific, Educational, 
Musical and Social Science Courses. Pioneer 
in Negro music. Special study in Negro life. 

Ideal and sanitary buildings and grounds. 
Well-equipped Science building. 

Christian home life. 

High standard of independent manhood and 
womanhood. For literature, etc., write 




Blddle University, aperated under the a«splces »f 
the Northern Presbyterian Church, has four Depart- 
ments — High School, Arts and Sciences Theological 
and Industrial. The completion of a Grammar School 
course is the requirement, for entrance to the first Tear 
of the High School. 

The School of Arts and Sciences offers two course* 
of study, the Classical and the Scientific, in the 
scientific, German is substituted for Greek or Latin. 
The entrance requirement for the Freshman Class is 
15 units of High Schooi work. 

The Theological Department offers two courses, eacb 
consisting of three years. The first is purely English 
Greek and Hebrew are taught in the others. 

All students in the High School Dept. are required 
to take trades in the Industrial Dept. 

Far further Information, address 

President H. L. McCrorey, 

Charlotte, N. C. 

Morris Brown University 

Atlanta, Ga. 


The largest institution of learning in the South 
owned and controlled by Negroes. Faculty of special- 
ists, trained in some of the best universities in the 
North and in the South. Noted for high standard of 
scholarship; industrial emphasis and positive Chris- 
tian influence. Well equipped dormitories; sane 
athletics under faculty supervision. Expenses rea- 
sonable. Location central and healthful. 

Departments: Theology, College, High School, Nor. 
mal, Commercial, Musical, Domestic Science, Sewing, 
Printing and Tailoring. 

First Semester began September, 1920. 

For further information address 

JOHN H. LEWIS, President 
BISHOP J. S. FLIPPER, Chairman Trustee Board. 

Mention The Crisis. 



Nashville, Teniu 

A Christian Institution for the Education and Training of Negro 
Youth, Both Sexes. 

Strong Faculty. Thorough Work and Drill in all Departments. Whole- 
some Moral and Christian Atmosphere. 

For particulars write the President, 


Wiley University 

Marshall, Texas 

Recognized as a college of first class by 
Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas and Okla- 
homa State Boards of Education. Har- 
vard, -Boston University, University of 
Illinois and University of Chicago repre- 
sented on its faculty. One hundred 
twenty-seven in College Department, ses- 
sion 1919-1920. Several new buildings, 
steam heated and electric lighted. 

M. W. DOGAN, President 

Both of Us Lose, Young Man 

If you fail to study the supe- 
rior advantages North Carolina 
offers you through The Agri- 
cultural and Technical College 
for securing good, practical and 
technical training. 

Four Strong Departments: 

Agricultural Academic 
Mechanical Teacher-Training 

Night School for those who 
desire to work in the day. 

Fall Term began, September 1, 1920 


JAS. B. DUDLEY, President 
A. & T. College 

Greensboro, N. C. 

The Cheyney Training School 
for Teachers 

Cheyney, Pa. 

Made in 1920 an accredited State Normal School, 
offering in addition to the regular Normal course 
of two years professional three year courses in Home 
Economics and Manual Training. A diploma from 
any of these courses makes a graduate eligible to teach 
in the public schools of Pennsylvania. A three-year 
High School Course is offered to all who have com- 
pleted -the eighth grammar grade. 

Board and Tuition $153.00 

1st Semester, September 13, 1920 
2nd Semester, January 26, 1921 

For further patticulars and catalog, write — 




Supported by Baptist State Woman's Home 
Mission Society of Chicago and Boston and 
A. B. H. Society of New York. Students 
from six different states. Graduates ex- 
empted on first grade by Louisiana, Arkansas 
and Oklahoma. 

O. L. COLEMAN, President 


An Episcopal boarding school for girls, under the 
direction of the sisters of St. Mary- Address: THE 
SISTER-IN-CHARGE, 6138 Germantown Avenue, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

STATE UNIVERSITY, Louisville, Ky. 

Founded 1879. 
The only Institution in the State having for its object 
Collegiate, Ministerial, Medical, and Legal training for Col- 
ored citizens in Kentucky. 

Special training in Insurance, Social Service, Nursing and 
Hospital Work. 

Normal, Commercial, Music, Domestic Science, Missionary 
training class. 
Evening classes, correspondence course. Degrees offered. 

President C. H. Parrish 

Atlanta University 

Studies of the Negro Problems 

20 Monographs Sold Separately 




Mention The Crisis. 


Vol. 20. No. 6 

OCTOBER, 1920 

Whole No. 120 



T last the work of Susan B. 
Anthony and Frederick Doug- 
lass is crowned. From this 
day on in the United States a 
grown human being has the right to 
a voice in his own government, even 
if he is a woman. 

Who oppose Woman Suffrage? 
With but few exceptions those states 
which oppose the abolition of child 
labor, the raising of the age of con- 
sent and universal education; those 
which advocate and practice lynching, 
mob violence and government by mi- 
nority. These states are : 

Alabama Virginia 

Georgia Maryland 

Mississippi Delaware 

South Carolina North Carolina 


How slowly the world moves in the 
commonest matters of elementary 
righteousness. To think that we had 
to wait until 1920 for Woman Suf- 
frage and then got it by two votes! 
Yet in this very fact lies hope for 
us : A civilization that required nine- 
teen centuries to recognize the Rights 
of Women can confidently be expected 
some day to abolish the Color Line. 


HE N. A. A. C. P. has begun 
its campaign for the freedom 
of Haiti. Our Secretary, 
James Weldon Johnson, and 
our Publicity Agent, Herbert J. Selig- 
man, have spent six weeks in the 
Island. Much material has been 
gathered and now the New York Na- 
tion has begun its expose of the seiz- 
ure of a nation by the National City 

Bank of Wall Street. If any one has 
lingering doubts of the way in which 
this great government has been made 
the catspaw of thieves, let him read 
the impudent assertion of Franklin 
D. Roosevelt: 

"The Republicans are playing a shell 
game on the American people; they are 
still busy circulating the story that Eng- 
land has six votes [in the League of Na- 
tions] to America's one. It is just the 
other way. As a matter of fact, the United 
States has about twelve votes in the As- 

"Until last week I had two of them my- 
self, and now Secretary Daniels has them. 
You know I have had something to do with 
the running of a couple of little republics. 
The facts are that I wrote Haiti's Consti- 
tution myself." 

May the League of Nations be de- 
livered from its fool friends, and may 
Haiti find New Freedom when the im- 
possible Wilson and his lackeys dis- 


E trust the Negro world has 
watched with intelligent 
comprehension the extraor- 
d i n a r y conjunction of 

Churcn and Steel in recent events. 
When the Interchurch movement 
came The Crisis was dumb with as- 
tonishment. Was it possible that the 
white followers of Jesus Christ were 
actually going to forget Infant Dam- 
nation and Justification by Faith long 
enough to work together for educa- 
tion, the abolition of child labor, op- 
position to race prejudice, co-opera- 
tion in national missionary effort, so- 
cial uplift and fair wages? As the 
survey progressed and the Negro and 
Africa were included and, too, not in 
the appendix, it looked as though the 




Christian Church was about to be re- 

Of course, we expected the white 
southern Baptists to refuse co-opera- 
tion. They are too much interested in 
lynching and immersion to heed the 
call of the black and the poor. But 
the movement grew and swelled and 
swept until it struck hard Steel. Un- 
til it struck Steal. 

Rich holders of steel securities in 
northern churches were exactly like 
hirers of black and disfranchised Ne- 
gro peons in southern churches. 
"Hands off" is their common cry when 
you touch "wages and unions" or "the 
Negro problem". These two things 
have "nothing to do with religion". 

So when the Interchurch movement 
investigated the Steel strike, where 
Negroes, underpaid and disfranchised 
in the South, were induced to "scab" 
in Pennsylvania and Ohio and break 
the ranks of Union labor, and when 
it was proven that Mr. Gary or some- 
body lied and lied roundly and ex- 
tensively — this was too much. The 
Interchurch movement was suddenly 
found extravagant. First, the perfect 
Presbyterians withdrew their spot- 
less skirts and then in a weird pro- 
cession followed criticism, rumor and 
withdrawal until at last the white 
Church shrank in horror from this 
smoking Hell of Steel. Christianity 
again was crucified. How long, 
Lord, how long ! 


^HE Crisis has said nothing 
concerning the extraordinary 
[ ^ persecution of Roscoe Conk- 
s'™ ling Bruce in Washington. 
No one can accuse The Crisis of be- 
ing partisan to Mr. Bruce, because it 
has at times frankly disagreed with 
him and his policies. But the situa- 
tion in Washington has gone far be- 
yond all personal consideration and 
has become a national disgrace — a 
feud which is doing much to discredit 
us as a civilized group. 

Washington is, because of its polit- 
ical relation to the nation and its own 
disfranchisement, a city of gossip, full 
of rumor and incipient hysteria on all 
subjects, from the president's health 
to the Visitor next door. When, some 
years ago, the Moens matter arose it 
was amplified into an attack on all col- 
ored teachers. When absolute proof 
was adduced that the teachers were 
not involved at all, save in one very 
doubtful case, suddenly the whole at- 
tack veered and like a bolt from the 
blue hit the colored Superintendent of 
Public Schools, Mr. Bruce. For two 
long years Mr. Bruce has been openly 
accused of nearly every crime in the 
calendar. He has been flatly insult- 
ed, his office picketed and his life 
made utterly miserable. Mass-meet- 
ing has followed mass-meeting and 
protest has crowded on protest with 
the one cry : Remove Bruce ! 

We who stood without, looking on 
in puzzled amazement, held our com- 
ment waiting for the facts. We ex- 
pected, we feared, a most damning se- 
ries of revelations, for how else could 
the hysteria be explained? But public 
hearings have been held, public 
speeches made, public accusations 
printed and in each case Mr. Bruce 
has conducted himself like a gentle- 
man, with, rare poise and perfect 
courtesy. He has answered his accus- 
ers thoughtfully and clearly, and has 
twice or three times been openly vin- 
dicated by judicial bodies which would 
seem to have had no bias in his favor. 
Every chance has been given his ac- 
cusers, and the net sum of the accusa- 
tions, as far as we can see, amounts 
to some question here and there as to 
judgment in planning, courage in pol- 
icy, determination in action ; but there 
was revealed nothing low, nor crim- 
inal nor disgraceful. 

One may easily agree that a differ- 
ently trained man of quick decision, 
bold generalship and wide vision could 
have done far more for Washington 



colored schools than Mr. Bruce. But 
the same is true of the white schools, 
and 4iow long would such a man have 
held his job? When Senator Blank 
asks this appointment, or Senator 
Slick opposes this action, what is a 
Washington official to do ? He may be 
stubborn and follow Chancellor, or be 
diplomatic and remain. Bruce was 
diplomatic. So in other matters was 
Booker Washington and so today is 
Lloyd George. 

We may disagree with them. We 
may oppose their policy. We may de- 
sire them replaced. But all this is a 
matter of judgment or ordered, rea- 
sonable attack. It does not justify an 
orgy of abuse and absolutely un- 
bridled and viciously cruel persecu- 
tion. It is one thing to say that Mr. 
Bruce has not done as well as another 
might have done; it is quite another 
thing to call him an unprincipled 

Mr. Bruce's opponents have not 
proven their case. On the contrary, 
they have raised him high in the re- 
spect of disinterested outsiders. Any 
man who has survived the persecution 
to which he has been subjected is no 
ordinary human being. It is high 
time, and far past that hour, for col- 
ored Washington to turn its energies 
toward its outer foes and cease this in- 
ternal and objectless row which has 
every earmark of personal hate and 
spiteful malice and which is already 
being used by our enemies against us. 


T was in Chicago. John Haynes 
Holmes was talking. 

He said : "I met two children 
— one as fair as the dawn — the 
other as beautiful as the night." Then 
he paused. He had to pause for the 
audience guffawed in wild merriment. 

If was a colored audience. Many 
of them were black. Some black 
faces there were as beautiful as the 

Why did they laugh? 

Because the world had taught them 
to be ashamed of their color. 

Because for 500 years men had 
hated and despised and abused black 

And now in strange, inexplicable 
transposition the rising blacks laugh 
at themselves in nervous, blatant, fur- 
tive merriment. 

They laugh because they think they 
are expected to laugh — because all 
their poor hunted lives they have 
heard "black" things laughed at. 

Of all the pitiful things of this piti- 
ful race problem, this is the pitif ullest. 
So curious a mental state tends to 
further subtleties. Colored folk, like 
all folk, love to see themselves in pic- 
tures; but they are afraid to see the 
types which the white world has car- 
icatured. The whites obviously sel- 
dom picture brown and yellow folk, 
but for five centuries they have ex- 
hausted every ingenuity of trick, of 
ridicule and caricature on black folk : 
"grinning" Negroes, "happy" Ne- 
groes, "gold dust twins", "Aunt 
Jemimas", "solid" headed tacks — 
everything and anything to make Ne- 
groes ridiculous. As a result if The 
Crisis puts a black face on its cover 
n ur 500,000 colored readers do not see 
the actual picture — they see the car- 
icature that white folks intend when 
they make a black face. In the last 
few years a thoughtful, clear eyed ar- 
tist, Frank Walts, has done a number 
of striking portraits for The Crisis. 
Mainly he has treated black faces; 
and regularly protests have come to 
us from various colored sources. His 
lovely portrait of the bright-eyed boy, 
Harry Elam, done in thoughtful sym- 
pathy, was approved by few Negroes. 
Our photograph of a woman of Santa 
Lucia, with its strength and humor 
and fine swing of head, was laughed 
at by many. 


"O — er — it was not because they 
were black," stammer some of my of- 
























fiee companions, "but they are too 
black. No people were ever so—" 

Nonsense! Do white people com- 
plain because their pictures are too 
white? They ought to, but they do 
not. Neither do we complain if we 
are photographed a shade "light". 

No. It is not that we are ashamed 
of our color and blood. We are in- 
stinctively and almost unconsciously 
ashamed of the caricatures done of 
our darker shades. Black is carica- 
ture in our half conscious thought and 
we shun in print and paint that which 
we love in life. How good a dark face 
looks to us in a strange white city! 
How the black soldiers, despite their 
white French sweethearts, yearned 
for their far-off "brown-skins". A 
mighty and swelling human conscious- 
ness is leading us joyously to embrace 
the darker world, but we remain 
afraid of black pictures because they 
are the cruel reminders of the crimes 
of Sunday "comics" and "Nigger" 

Off with these thought-chains and 
inchoate soul-shrinkings, and let us 
train ourselves to see beauty in black. 


HE Raleigh News and Courier 
of July 29, 1920, is authority 
for the following clear ex- 
planation of the workings of 
democracy in North Carolina: 

"Only such persons are allowed to vote 
who shall register in accordance with law. 
Section 4317 provides: 'Only such persons 
as are registered shall be entitled to vote 
in any election held under this chapter.' 

"Now we come to the crux of the matter. 
Section 4318 of the Revisal provides: 'Every 
person presenting himself (or herself) after 
the passage of the amendment, shall be able 
to read and write any section of the con- 
stitution in the English language, and shall 
show to the satisfaction of the registrar his 
ability to read and write any such section 
when he applies for registration, and before 
he is registered.' 

"It is well known that since the passage 
of this law, no Negro has been allowed to 
register, unless the registrar, under the 
wide discretion given him, permitted him 
to do so. The registrar can refuse to be 
satisfied and generally does refuse to be seeks a Home ! 

satisfied with a Negro man's ability to read 
and write the constitution to the registrar's 
satisfaction when such Negro applies for 
registration. When the amendment is 
passed the Negro women will be placed in 
the same statute as the Negro men. When 
she applies for registration, she will not 
be able to satisfy the registrar of her 
ability to read and write the constitution, 
certainly not to his 'satisfaction.'" 


E note the following facts 
from the San Antonio 
Express, a white Texas 
daily : 

George S. Matthews has been nominated 
county judge of Travis County, defeating 
Dave Pickle, incumbent, by about 600 votes. 
Matthews is sheriff. Pickle, it will be re- 
called, was named by John R. Shillady, of 
New York, as an alleged assailant in this 
city when the New York man was here in 
the interest of an organization for the pro- 
tection of the Negroes. Charles H. Hamby, 
constable, who was with Pickle at the time 
of the alleged assault on Shillady, has been 
defeated for the nomination for sheriff. 

In addition to this, Hobby, the 
truculent Governor, has lost the 
nomination and the Chief of Police, 
Jake D. Piatt, who stood by and 
watched the bullies, was suspended 
from office some weeks ago. L. L. 
Campbell, the reverend liar whose 
tale-bearing caused this miserable 
affair, is still explaining to his col- 
ored constituents. 

In none of these cases was Texas 
moral courage strong enough to men- 
tion the Shillady incident as a cause 
of these changes, but it nevertheless 
played its part. 


E are publishing a very few 
examples of modern Amer- 
ican Negro homes. Of all 
the constituents of our cos- 
mopolitan population, the Negro de- 
mands the best homes if we consider 
relative income. When he begins to 
rise he insists on a beautiful home : 
he invades Harlem, Druid Hill, and 
Hyde Park, and instead of encourage- 
ment he meets laws, curses and 
bombs. But what does he care ! He 



Jessie Fauset 


A MY when an infant ivas left in care of a colored family, the Boldins, whom she 
grew to love, especially her little foster brother Cornelius. She grew up innocent 
and happy but impulsive and at the age of seventeen suddenly decided to run away to 
New York City. Here she found work and was received as white. Finally a Greenwich 
Village artist, Zora Harrisson, took her into her coterie and eventually married her to 
a wealthy, elderly southern white man, Stuart Wynne. Eventually she resented his 
treatment of his colored help. Finally, to keep him from seeking to lynch his valet 
who had struck him, she confessed to her own Negro blood. 

A MAZINGLY her beauty availed her 
■*• ^ nothing. If she had been an older 
woman, if she had had Zora's age and 
experience, she would have been able to 
gauge exactly her influence over Wynne. 
Though even then in similar circumstances 
she would have taken the risk and acted 
in just the same manner. But she was a 
little bewildered at her utter miscalcula- 
tion. She had thought he might not want 
his friends — his world by which he set such 
store — to know that she was colored, but 
she had not dreamed it could make any 
real difference to him. He had chosen her, 
poor and ignorant, out of a host of wo- 
men, and had told her countless times of 
his love. To herself Amy Wynne was in 
comparison with Zora for instance, stupid 
and uninteresting. But his constant, un- 
solicited iterations had made her accept his 

She was just the same woman she told 
herself, she had not changed, she was still 
beautiful, still charming, still "different". 
Perhaps that very difference had its being - 
in the fact of her mixed blood. She had 
been his wife — there were memories — she 
could not see how he could give her up. 
The suddenness of the divorce carried her 
off her feet. Dazedly she left him — though 
almost without a pang for she had only 
liked him. She had been perfectly honest 
about this, and he, although consumed by 
the fierceness of his emotion toward her, 
had gradually forced himself to be con- 
tent, for at least she had never made him 

She was to live ,in a small house of his 
in New York, up town in the 80's. Peter 

was in charge and there were a new maid 
and a cook. The servants, of course, knew 
of the separation, but nobody guessed why. 
She was living on a much smaller basis 
than the one to which she had become so 
accustomed in the last three years. But 
she was very comfortable. She felt, at any 
rate she manifested, no qualms at receiving 
alimony from Wynne. That was the way 
things happened, she supposed when she 
thought of it at all. Moreover, it seemed 
to her perfectly in keeping with Wynne's 
former attitude toward her; she did not see 
how he could do less. She expected people 
to be consistent. That was why she was 
so amazed that he in spite of his oft iterat- 
ed love, could let her go. If she had felt 
half the love for him which he had pro- 
fessed for her, she would not have sent him 
away if he had been a leper. 

"Why I'd stay with him," she told her- 
self, "if he were one, even as I feel now." 

She was lonely in New York. Perhaps it 
was the first time in he* life that she had 
felt so. Zora had gone to Paris the first 
year of her marriage and had not come 

The days dragged on emptily. One thing 
helped her. She had gone one day to the 
modiste from whom she had bought her 
trousseau. The woman remembered her 
perfectly — "The lady with the exquisite 
taste for colors — ah, madame, but you have 
the rare gift." Amy was grateful to be 
taken out of her thoughts. She bought one 
or two daring but altogether lovely creations 
and let fall a few suggestions: 

"That brown frock, Madame, — you say it 
has been on your hands a long time? Yes? 
But no wonder. See, instead of that dead 




white you should have a shade of ivory, 
that White cheapens it." Deftly she caught 
up a bit of ivory satin and worked out her 
idea. Madame was ravished. 

"But yes, Madame Ween is correct, — as 
always. Oh, what a pity that the Madame 
is so wealthy. If she were only a poor girl 
— Mile. Antoine with the best eye for color 
in the place has just left, gone back to 
France to nurse her brother — this World 
War is of such a horror! If someone like 
Madame, now, could be found, to take the 
little Antoine's place!" 

Some obscure impulse drove Amy to ac- 
cept the half proposal : "Oh ! I don't know, 
I have nothing to do just now. My hus- 
band is abroad." Wynne had left her with 
that impression. "I could contribute the 
money to the Red Cross or to charity." 

The work was the best thing in the world 
for her. It kept her from becoming too in- 
trospective, though even then she did more 
serious, connected thinking than she had 
done in all the years of her varied life. 

She missed Wynne definitely, chiefly as a 
guiding influence for she had rarely planned 
even her own amusements. Her depend- 
ence on him had been absolute. She used 
to picture him to herself as he was before 
the trouble — and his changing expressions 
as he looked at her, of amusement,, interest, 
pride, a certain little teasing quality that 
used to come into his eyes, which always 
made her adopt her "spoiled child air", as 
he used to call it. It was the way he liked 
her best. Then last, there was that look 
he had given her the morning she had told 
him she was colored — it had depicted so 
many emotions, various and yet distinct. 
There were dismay, disbelief, coldness, a 
final aloofness. 

There was another expression, too, that 
she thought of sometimes — the look on the 
face of Mr. Packard, Wynne's lawyer. She, 
herself, had attempted no defense. 

"For God's sake why did you tell him, 
Mrs. Wynne?" Packard asked her. His 
curiosity got the better of him. "You 
couldn't have been in love with that yellow 
rascal," he blurted out. "She's too cold 
really, to love anybody," he told himself. 
"If you didn't care about the boy why 
should you have told?" 

She defended herself feebly. "He looked 
so like little Cornelius Boldin," she replied 
vaguely, "and he couldn't help being col- 

ored." A clerk came in then and Packard 
said no more. But into his eyes had crept 
a certain reluctant respect. She remem- 
bered the look, but could not define it. 

She was so sorry about the trouble now, 
she wished it had never happened. Still if 
she had it to repeat she would act in the 
same way again. "There was nothing else 
for me to do," she used to tell herself. 

But she missed Wynne unbelievably. 

If it had not been for Peter, her life 
would have been almost that of a nun. But 
Peter, who read the papers and kept abreast 
of the times, constantly called her attention, 
with all due respect, to the meetings, the 
plays, the sights which she ought to attend 
or see. She was truly grateful to him. 
She was very kind to all three of the 
servants. They had the easiest "places" in 
New York, the maids used to tell their 
friends. As she never entertained, and 
frequently dined out, they had a great deal 
of time off. 

She had been separated from Wynne for 
ten months before she began to make any 
definite plans for her future. Of course, 
she could not go on like this always. It 
came to her suddenly that probably she 
would go to Paris and live there — why or 
how she did not know. Only Zora was 
there and lately she had begun to think 
that her life was to be like Zora's. They 
had been amazingly parallel up to this 
time. Of course she would have to wait 
until after the war. 

She sat musing about it one day in the 
big sitting-room which she had had fitted 
over into a luxurious studio. There was 
a sewing-room off to the side from which 
Peter used to wheel into the room waxen 
figures of all colorings and contours so that 
she could drape the various fabrics about 
them to be sure of the best results. But 
today she was working out a scheme for 
one of Madame's customers, who was of 
her own color and size and she was her 
own lay-figure. She sat in front of the 
huge pier glass, a wonderful soft yellow 
silk draped about her radiant loveliness. 

"I could do some serious work in Paris," 
she said half aloud to herself. "I suppose 
if I really wanted to, I could be very suc- 
cessful along this line." 

Somewhere downstairs an electric bell 
buzzed, at first softly, then after a slight 
pause, louder, and more insistently. 



"If Madame sends me that laee today," 
she was thinking, idly, "I could finish this 
and start on the pink. I wonder why Peter 
doesn't answer the bell." 

She remembered then 
that Peter had gone to 
New Rochelle on busi- 
ness and she had sent 
Ellen to Altman's to 
find a certain rare vel- 
vet and had allowed 
Mary to go with her. 
She would dine out, she 
told them, so they need 
not hurry. Evidently 
she was alone in the 

Well she could an- 
swer the bell. She had 
done it often enough in 
the old days at Mrs. 
Boldin's. Of course it 
was the lace. She 
smiled a bit as she 
went down stairs think- 
ing how surprised the rlFf 
delivery-boy would be 
to see her arrayed thus 
early in the afternoon. 
She hoped he wouldn't 
go. She could see him 
through the long, thick 
panels of glass in the 
vestibule and front 
door. He was just turn- 
ing about as she opened 
the door. 

This was no delivery- 
boy, this man whose 
gaze fell on her hungry 
and avid. This was 
Wynne. She stood for 
a second leaning against 
the door- jamb, a 
strange figure surely in 
the sharp November 
weather. Some leaves 
— brown, skeleton 
shapes — rose and 
swirled unnoticed about 
her head. A passing 
letter-carrier looked at 
them curiously. 

"What are you doing answering the 
door?" Wynne asked her roughly. "Where 
is Peter? Go in, you'll catch cold." 

She was glad to see him. She took him 
into the drawing room — a wonderful study 
in browns — and looked at him and looked at 

"This was no delivery-boy, this man"- 

"Well," he asked her, his voice eager in 
spite of the commonplace words, "are you 
glad to see me? Tell me what do y©m do 
with yourself." 



She could not talk fast enough, her eyes 
clinging, to his face. Once it struck her 
that he had changed in some indefinable 
way. Was it a slight coarsening of that re- 
fined aristocratic aspect? Even in her sub- 
consciousness she denied it. 

He had come-back to her. 

"So I design for Madame when I feel 
like it, and send the money to the Red 
Cross and wonder- when you are coming 
back to me." For the first time in their 
acquaintanceship she was conscious de- 
liberately of trying to attract, to hold him. 
She put on her spoiled child air which had 
once been so successful. 

"It took you long enough to get here," 
she pouted. She was certain of him now. 
His mere presence assured her. 

They sat silent a moment, the late No- 
vember sun bathing her head in an austere 
glow of chilly gold.- As she sat there in the 
big brown chair she was, in her yellow 
dress, like some mysterious emanation, sonr- 
wraith-like aura developed from the tone of 
her surroundings. 

He rose and came toward her, still silent. 
She grew nervous, and talked incessantly 
with sudden unusual gestures. "Oh, Stuart, 
let me give you tea. It's right there in the 
pantry off the dining-room. I can wheel 
the table in." She rose, a lovely creature 
in her yellow robe. He watched her in- 

"Wait," he bade her. 

She paused almost on tiptoe, a dainty 
golden butterfly. 

"You are coming back to live with me?" 
he asked her hoarsely. 

For the first time in her life she loved 

"Of course I am coming back," she told 
him softly. "Aren't you glad? Haven't 
you missed me? I didn't see how you could 
stay away. Oh! Stuart, what a wonderful 

For he had slipped on her finger a heavy 
dull gold band, with an immense sapphire 
in an oval setting — a beautiful thing of 
Italian workmanship. 

"It is so like you to remember," she told 
him gratefully. "I love colored stones." 
She admired it, turning it around and 
around on her slender finger. 

How silent he was, standing there watch- 
ing her with his sombre yet eager gaze. 
It made her troubled, uneasy. She cast 
about for something to say. 

"You can't think how I've improved since 
I saw you, Stuart. I've read all sorts of 
books — Oh! I'm learned," she smiled at 
him. "And Stuart," she went a little 
closer to him, twisting the button on his 
perfect coat, "I'm so sorry about it all, — 
about Stephen, that boy you know. I just 
couldn't help interfering. But when we're 
married again, if, you'll just remember how 
it hurts me to have you so cross — " 

He interrupted her. "I wasn't aware 
that I spoke of our marrying again," he 
told her, his voice steady, his blue eyes 

She thought he was teasing. "Why you 
just asked me to. You said 'aren't you 
coming back to live with me — ' " 

"Yes," he acquiesced, "I said just that — 
'to live with me'." 

Still she didn't ^comprehend. "But what 
do you mean?" she asked bewildered. 

"What do you suppose a man means," he 
returned deliberately, "when he asks a wo- 
man to live with him, but not to marry 

She sat down heavily in the brown chair, 
all glowing ivory and yellow against its 
sombre depths. 

"Like the women in those awful novels?" 
she whispered. "Not like those women! — 
Oh Stuart! you don't mean it!" Her very 
heart was numb. 

"But you must care a little — ■" she was 
amazed at her own depth of feeling. "Why 
I care — there are all those memories back 
of us — you must want me really — " 

"I do want you", he told her tensely. "I 
want you damnably. But— well — I might 
as well out with it — A white man like me 
simply doesn't marry a colored woman. 
After all what difference need it make to 
you? We'll live abroad — you'll travel, have 
all the things you love. Many a white wo- 
man would envy you." He stretched out 
an eager hand. 

She evaded it, holding herself aloof as 
though his touch were contaminating. Her 
movement angered him. 

Like a rending veil suddenly the veneer 
of his high polish cracked and the man 
stood revealed. 

"Oh, hell!" he snarled at her roughly. 
"Why don't you stop posing? What do you 
think you are* anyway? Do you suppose 
I'd take you for my wife — what do you 
think can happen to you? What man of 
your own race could give you what you 



want? You don't suppose I am going to 
support you this way forever, do you? The 
court imposed no alimony. You've got to 
come to it sooner or later — you're bound to 
fall to some white man. What's the mat- 
ter — I'm not rich enough?" 

Her face flamed at that — "As though it 
were that that mattered!" 

He gave her a deadly look. "Well, isn't 
it? Ah, my girl, you 
forget you told me you 
didn't love me when 
you married me. You 
sold yourself to me 
then. Haven't I rea- 
son to suppose you are 
waiting for a higher 

At these words some- 
thing in her died for- 
ever, her youth, her il- 
lusions, her happy, hap- 
py blindness. She saw 
life leering mercilessly 
in her face. It seemed 
to her that she would 
give all her future to 
stamp out, to kill the 
contempt in his frosty 
insolent eyes. In a sud- 
den rush of savagery 
she struck him, struck 
him across his hateful 
sneering mouth with 
the hand which wore 
his ring. 

As she fell, reeling ^ 
under the fearful im- 
pact of his brutal but 
involuntary blow, her 
mind caught at, regis- 
tered two things. A 
little thin stream of 
blood was trickling 
across his chin. She 
had cut him with the 
ring, she realized with 
a certain savage satisfaction. And there 
was something else which she must remem- 
ber, which she would remember if only she 
could fight her way out of this dreadful 
clinging blackness, which was bearing down 
upon her— closing her in. 

her so. 

Oh, yes, her very mind ached with the 
realization. She * lay back again on the 
floor, prone, anything to relieve that in- 
tolerable pain. But her memory, her 
thoughts went on. 

"Nigger," he had called her as she fell, 
"nigger, nigger," and again, "nigger." 

"He despised me absolutely," she said to 


She Lay Back Again on the Floor, Prone" 

herself wonderingly, "because I was col- 
ored. And yet he wanted me." 
Somehow she reached her room. Long 
after the servants had come in, she lay 

face downward across her bed, thinking. 

When she came to she sat up holding her How she hated Wynne, how she hated her> 

bruised, aching head in her palms, trying self! And for ten months she had been 

to recall what it' was that had impressed living off his money although in no way had 



she a claim on him. Her whole body burned 
with the shame of it. 

In the morning she rang for Peter. She 
faced him, white and haggard, but if the 
man noticed her condition, he made no 
sign. He was, if possible, more imperturb- 
able than ever. 

"Peter," she told him, her eyes and voice 
very steady, "I am leaving this house to- 
day and shall never come back." 

"Yes, Miss." 

"I shall want you to see to the packing 
and storing of the goods and to send the 
keys and the receipts for the jewelry and 
valuables to Mr. Packard in Baltimore." 

"Yes, Miss." 

"And, Peter, I am very poor now and 
shall have no money besides what I can 
make for myself." 

"Yes, Miss." 

Would nothing surprise him, she won- 
dered dully. She went on "I don't know 
whether you knew it or not, Peter, but I am 
colored, and hereafter I mean to live among 
my own people. Do you think you could 
find me a little house or a little cottage 
not too far from New York?" 

He had a little place in New Rochelle, 
he told her, his manner altering not one 
whit, or better yet his sister had a four- 
room house in Orange, with a garden, if he 
remembered correctly. Yes, he was sure 
there was a garden. It would be just the 
thing for Mrs. Wynne. 

She had four hundred dollars of her very 
own which she had earned by designing for 
Madame. She paid the maids a month in 
advance — they were to stay as long as 
Peter needed them. She, herself, went to a 
small hotel in Twenty-eighth Street, and 
here Peter came for her at the end of ten 
days, with the acknowledgement of the keys 
and receipts from Mr. Packard. Then he 
accompanied her to Orange and installed 
her in her new home. 

"I wish I could afford to keep you, Peter," 
she said a little wistfully, "but I am very 
poor. I am heavily in debt and I must get 
that off my shoulders at once." 

Mrs. Wynne was very kind, he was sure; 
he could think of no one with whom he 
would prefer to work. Furthermore, he 
often ran down from New Rochelle to see 
his sister; he would come in from time to 
time, and in the spring would plant the 
gafden if she wished. 

She hated to see him go, but she did not 

dwell long on that. Her only thought was 
to work and work and work and save until 
she could pay Wynne back. She had not 
lived very extravagantly during those ten 
months and Peter was a perfect manager — 
in spite of her remonstrances he had given 
her every month an account of his expenses. 
She had made arrangements with Madame 
to be her regular designer. The French 
woman guessing that more than whim was 
behind this move drove a very shrewd bar- 
gain, but even then the pay was excellent. 
With care, she told herself, she could be 
free within two years, three at most. 

She lived a dull enough existence now, 
going to work steadily every morning and 
getting home late at night. Almost it was 
like those early days when she had first 
left Mrs. Boldin, except that now she had 
no high sense of adventure, no expectation 
of great things to come, , which might buoy 
her up. She no longer thought of phases 
and the proper setting for her beauty. Once 
indeed catching sight of her face late one 
night in the mirror in her tiny work-room 
in Orange, she stopped and scanned herself, 
loathing what she saw there. 

"You thing!" she said to the image in 
the glass, "if you hadn't been so vain, so 
shallow!" And she had struck herself 
violently again and again across the face 
until her head ached. 

But such fits of passion were rare. She 
had a curious sense of freedom in these 
days, a feeling that at last her brain, her 
senses were liberated from some hateful 
clinging thralldom. Her thoughts were 
always busy. She used to go over that last 
scene with Wynne again and again trying 
to probe the inscrutable mystery which she 
felt was at the bottom of the affair. She 
groped her way toward a solution, but 
always something stopped her. Her impulse 
to strike, she realized, and his brutal re- 
joinder had been actuated by something 
more than mere sex antagonism, there was 
race antagonism there — two elements clash- 
ing. That much she could fathom. But 
that he despising her, hating her for not 
being white should yet desire her! It 
seemed to her that his attitude toward her 
— hate and yet desire, was the attitude in 
microcosm of the whole white world to- 
ward her own, toward that world to which 
those few possible strains of black blood 
so tenuously and yet so tenaciously linked 



Qxi£g, ,$he got hold of a big thought. Per- 
haps there was some root, some racial dis- 
tinction woven in with the stuff of which 
she was formed which made her persistent- 
ly kind and unexacting. And perhaps in 
the same way this difference, helplessly, 
inevitably operated in making Wynne and 
his kind, cruel or at best indifferent. Her 
reading for Wynne reacted to her thought — 
she remembered the grating insolence of 
white exploiters in foreign lands, the wreck- 
ing of African villages, the destruction of 
homes in Tasmania. She couldn't imagine 
where Tasmania was, but wherever it was, 
it had been the realest thing in the world 
to its crude inhabitants. 

Gradually she reached a decision. There 
were two divisions of people in the world — 
on the one hand insatiable desire for power ; 
keenness, mentality; a vast and cruel pride. 
On the other there was ambition, it is true, 
but modified, a certain humble sweetness, 
too much inclination to trust, an unthink- 
ing, unswerving loyalty. All the advan- 
tages in the world accrued to the first di- 
vision. But without bitterness she chose 
the second. She wanted to be colored, she 
hoped she was colored. She wished even 
that she did not have to take advantage of 
her appearance to earn her living. But that 
was to meet an end. After all she had 
contracted her debt with a white man, she 
would pay him with a white man's money. 

The years slipped by — four of them. One 
day a letter came from Mr. Packard. Mrs. 
Wynne had sent him the last penny of the 
sum received from Mr. Wynne from Febru- 
ary to November, 1914. Mr. Wynne had re- 
fused to touch the money, it was and would 
be indefinitely at Mrs. Wynne's disposal. 

She never even answered the letter. In- 
stead she dismissed the whole incident, — 
Wynne and all, — from her mind and began 
to plan for her future. She was free, free ! 
She had paid back her sorry debt with la- 
bor, money and anguish. From now on she 
could do as she pleased. Almost she caught 
herself saying "something is going to hap- 
pen." But she checked herself, she hated 
her old attitude. 

But something was happening. Insensi- 
bly from the moment she knew of her de- 
liverance, her thoughts turned back to a 
stifled hidden longing, which had lain, it 
seemed to her, an eternity in her heart. 
Those days with Mrs. Boldin! At night, — 

on her way to New York, — in the work- 
rooms, — her mind was busy with little in r 
timate pictures of that happy, wholesome, 
unpretentious life. She could see Mrs. 
Boldin, clean and portly, in a lilac chambray 
dress, upbraiding her for some trifling, yet 
exasperating fault. And Mr. Boldin, im- 
maculate and slender, with his noticeably 
polished air — how kind he had always been, 
she remembered. And lastly, Cornelius; 
Cornelius in a thousand attitudes and en- 
gaged in a thousand occupations, brown and 
near-sighted and sweet — devoted to his 
pretty sister, as he used to call her; Cor- 
nelius, who used to come to her as a baby 
as willingly as to his mother; Cornelius 
spelling out colored letters on his blocks, 
pointing to them stickily with a brown, 
perfect finger; Cornelius singing like an 
angel in his breathy, sexless voice and later 
murdering everything possible on his terri- 
ble cornet. How had she ever been able to 
leave them all and the dear shabbiness of 
that home! Nothing, she realized, in all 
these years had touched her inmost being, 
had penetrated to the core of her cold 
heart like the memories of those early, misty 

One day she wrote a letter to Mrs. Boldin. 
She, the writer, Madame A. Wynne, had 
come across a young woman, Amy Kildare, 
who said that as a girl she had run away 
from home and now she would like to come 
back. But she was ashamed to write. Ma- 
dame Wynne had questioned the girl closely 
and she was quite sure that this Miss Kil- 
dare had in no way incurred shame or dis- 
grace. It had been some time since Ma- 
dame Wynne had seen the girl but if Mrs. 
Boldin wished, she would try to find her 
again — perhaps Mrs. Boldin would like to 
get in touch with her. The letter ended 
on a tentative note. 

The answer came at once. 
My dear Madame Wynne: 

My mother told me to write you this let- 
ter. She says even if Amy Kildare had 
done something terrible, she would want 
her to come home again. My father says so 
too. My mother says, please find her as 
soon as you can and tell her to come back. 
She still misses her. We all miss her. I 
was a little boy when she left, but though 
I am in the High School now and play in 
the school orchestra, I would rather see her 
than do anything I know. If you see her, 



he sur@ to tell her to come right away. My 
mother says thank you. 

Yours respectfully, 
Cornelius Boldin. 

The letter came to the modiste's estab- 
lishment in New York. Amy read it and 
went with it to Madame. "I have had won- 
derful news," she told her, "I must go away 
immediately, I can't come back — you may 
have these last two weeks for nothing." 
Madame, Who had surmised long since the 
separation, looked curiously at the girl's 
flushed cheeks, and decided that "Mon- 
sieur Ween" had returned. She gave her 
fatalistic shrug. All Americans were 

"But, yes, Madame, — if you must go — 

When she reached the ferry, Amy looked 
about her searchingly. "I hope I'm seeing 
you for the last time — I'm going home, 
home!" Oh, the unbelievable kindness! She 
had left them without a word and they 
still wanted her back! 

Eventually she got to Orange and to the 
little house. She sent a message to Peter's 
sister and set about her packing. But first 
she sat down in the little house and looked 
about her. She would go home, home — how 
she loved the word, she would stay there a 
while, but always there was life, still 
beckoning. It would beckon forever she real- 
ized to her adventurousness. Afterwards 
she would set up an establishment of her 

own,— she reviewed possibilities — in a rich 
suburb, where white women would pay and 
pay for her expertness, caring nothing for 
realities, only for externals. 

"As I myself used to care," she sighed. 
Her thoughts flashed on. "Then some day 
I'll work and help with colored people — the 
only ones who have really cared for and 
wanted me." Her eyes blurred. 

She would never make any attempt to 
find out who or what she was. If she were 
white, there would always be people urging 
her to keep up the silliness of racial pres- 
tige. Hew she hated it all! 

"Citizen of the world, that's what I'll' 
be. And now I'll go home." 

Peter's sister's little girl came over to be 
with the pretty lady whom she adored. 

"You sit here, Angel, and watch me 
pack," Amy said, placing her in a little arm- 
chair. And the baby sat there in silent 
observation, one tiny leg crossed over the 
other, surely the quaintest, gravest bit of 
bronze,- Amy thought, that ever lived. 

"Miss Amy cried," the child told her 
mother afterwards. 

Perhaps Amy did cry, but if so she was 
unaware. Certainly she laughed more 
happily, more spontaneously than she had 
done for years. Once she got down on her 
knees in front of the little arm-chair and 
buried her face in the baby's tiny bosom. 

"Oh Angel, Angel," she whispered,* "do 
you suppose Cornelius still plays on that 


Ernest R. McKinney 

WE colored folk are again face to face 
with the ever recurring dilemma of 
"voting it straight", embarking on an un- 
charted sea with a new party candidate or 
descending into hell with the Democrats. 

Only since 1912, after the indifferent 
treatment of us by Mr. Taft and the apos- 
tasy of Theodore Roosevelt, when he joined 
hands with Parker of Louisiana, and re- 
fused to let us cross the Plain of Esdraelon 
with his holy crusaders, have we begun to 
think that there may be other ways out of 
the wilderness than, the path over which 
our fathers strqde ,in childlike faith and in 
vain, Now we are trying to get our minds 

open to the truth and follow the facts 
wherever they lead, not in submission to a 
seared ideal but with eyes that see, ears 
that hear and feelings that have been out- 
raged by reactionary Republicans and 
Negro hating Democrats. 

Yet the awakening is by no means com- 
plete for there are hosts of us who close 
our minds and exclaim with all the fervor 
of a Christian martyr, "I am a Republi- 
can; my father before me was a Repub- 
lican; I come of a long line of Repub- 
licans." May the line lose some of its ten- 
sile strength! 

Historically these Negroes perhaps are 



right. In the distant past the Republican 
Party was our champion. It actively 
wished for us equality of opportunity and 
protection of the law granted under the 
constitution. But this is not the case now. 
To begin with, the party is not the same 
party that it was sixty years ago? Neither 
of the two great parties is the same as in 
the early days of their founding. The 
principles for which they stood actually 
made them different. 

Both aimed at national prosperity but 
through unlike and often opposed articles 
of faith. 

Therefore the Negro today faces not the 
party of the Abolitionists but bidders for 
votes, and men lusting for power and 
anxious for office because the office brings 
with it prestige and leadership. 

This change in the Republican Party has 
been coming for some time. After the Civil 
War a mental attitude established itself 
everywhere among Negroes and among 
whites in the North who had helped for- 
ward this transformation. The whites be- 
came conscious of the fact that they had 
played a large part in the freeing of the 
Negro. They had made him a citizen, 
given him the ballot and office. In fact they 
set aside certain positions for him and it 
became a tradition that he was always to 
get them. Then they came to feel that for 
these benefactions so generously bestowed 
we should be eternally in their debt and 
they have never ceased to remind us of this. 
We are all familiar with the speeches that 
our white friends make in our meetings 
after they have been glowingly introduced 
by one of our leading Negroes. They ap- 
pear before us as a kind of mass Messiah 
who has delivered us from the southern 
Romans. The tragedy of the situation is 
that we have come to think as they. . We 
feel that we owe them something that can 
never be paid as long as the earth stands, 
so great is the debt. We have never ceased 
to prostrate ourselves before this rock of 
our salvation and cry out around election 
time, "We are coming." Then we marched 
to the polls, in mass formation, made one 
cross mark and came away satisfied. 

Naturally in time the astute white folk 
realized that they were losing good white 
votes by standing for our rights. They 
saw that it wasn't necessary. We had ac- 
quired tremendous' Republican momentum. 
So they gave their time elsewhere, in the 

South, for instance, the blessed South, bul- 
wark of the Democracy, but with an occa- 
sional flicker of Republicanism. No talk of 
justice to the Negro could win here, how- 
ever, so we were gently set aside, the Con- 
stitution was not enforced, we were lynched 
and disfranchised but were rewarded with 
a great deal of kindness and light near the 
time to elect a new president. They felt 
that they had us safe in the fold and we 
felt that we belonged there. They of course 
lost their respect for us, for no one re- 
spects a dog that wags its tail when it is 

I have said that we are in a dilemma. 
It's something like running from the devil 
and jumping into the sea. Some of us no 
longer believe in the Republican Party but 
vve believe far less in the Democrats. We 
face a situation in which our friends are 
in general passively for us but our enemies 
are always violently against us. For in- 
stance, the South is consistent in its oppo- 
sition to us. It is passionate and murder- 
ous in defense of its traditions of white 
domination and black serfdom. These tra- 
ditions dominate the political life. It has 
pushed past the frontiers of what is lawful 
and just, making null and void the Con- 
stitution, — yet the Republican North, is 

But during the coming months this silence 
will be broken. The Republicans want to 
come into power and they will attempt to 
use the same old propaganda among us. As 
usual a few Negroes Will be offered jobs to 
swing our vote in line. There will be much, 
talk about the right of every man to happi- 
ness, liberty and justice. We will be told 
by each candidate that he believes in a 
square deal for us. Many job hunting Ne- 
groes are now climbing enthusiastically on 
the band wagon. 

As a rule in the past a Negro has held 
such positions as Register of the Treasury, 
Recorder of Deeds for the District of Co- 
lumbia, and a few others. 

Then to make a real impression they give 
us a job or two that we had never held be- 
fore. It is high time, however, that we 
ceased to be fooled at this point. There is 
no more reason for a Negro always bein^ 
made Register of the Treasury than there is 
for a white man to always be Commissioner 
of Pensions. When Mr. Tyler was made 
Auditor for the Navy Department and Mr. 
Lewis was appointed Assistant Attorney 



General we threw our hats in the air and 
sang praises to our Republican captors. 
We forgot that we are still burned at the 
stake, disfranchised, crushed to the bottom 
in industry, refused food when we are hun- 
gry and crowded into the gallery when we 
seek amusement. 

Yet the beginning of an awakening has 
come. Let us hope that this year we will 
be freer men than ever before. One thing 
that we must surely learn to do, is not to 
function as a racial unit politically. We 
have got to develop independence! Party 
leaders must come to know that they can 
never be certain how we are going to voce. 
We have come to the place where political 
organization among us is absolutely essen- 
tial. Such organization must be free from 
taint and rule of the bosses and work for 
the election of Negroes to office, also white 
men, who can be depended upon to recog- 
nize us as American citizens. 

Our new political leaders must be different 
from most of those we have at present. The 
majority now cannot be trusted. They jump 
at the white man's word of command and 
smile at the rustle of his greenbacks. The 
most contemptible of these leaders is the 
preacher-politician. He is money-thirsty 
and at election time he is quietly busy at 
party headquarters emphasizing his pres- 
tige among his people. 

The young colored men must rise in their 
might and do away with our present venal 
leaders and substitute a new type in their 
places. The leaders of the coming regime 
must be sacrificing, sincere and courageous. 
They must not have a price. We must 
check them up and repudiate them merci- 
lessly when they jeopardize our political 

This year we will not be left to choose 
between Republicans and Democrats for 
there will be in the field two other groups 
asking for our suffrage. I refer to the 
Labor Party of the United States and the 
Committee of Forty-Eight. Plank three of 
the Committee of Forty-Eight reads as fol- 
lows: "Equal economic, political and legal 
rights for all, irrespective of sex or color." 
. . . In its Declaration of Principles, 
Section 3, the Labor Party says, "We dedi- 
cate the Labor Party of the United States 
to the principle of complete political and in- 
dustrial equality of the sexes and races, na- 
tionalities and creeds." 

When I read the literature of the Com- 

mittee of Forty-Eight I wondered if it 
would be another Progressive Party with a 
Parker demanding that it be a "white 
man's party". I wrote to the chairman and 
asked him the following questions: (1) 
Does the Committee of Forty-Eight intend 
to go before the country favoring an equal 
chance for the Negro to vote and hold office 
and have, the same chance in the courts and 
in industry as white men? (2) Do the 
southern members of the Committee favor 
this? (3) If the southern members object 
to Negro equality what do the northern 
members intend to do? Mr. J. A. H. Hop- 
kins, the Chairman, replied as follows: "I 
can perhaps answer your question, that 
when we declared for 'Equal Rights' we 
meant exactly what we said and intend to 
go through." 

In the .preliminary meetings of both these 
parties, these equal rights measures were 
enthusiastically adopted. But the real test 
has not yet come. A political party ge s 
into power through votes and votes are got 
by political manoeuvering and the spending 
of money. Who can say that they will stand 
up for and in defense of their Negro adher- 
ents when the pressure is put on? It is a 
fine thing that such a stand has been taken 
and we may be inclined to lend our ear. 
But we must be careful and go slow. The 
time has come when Negroes must cease 
to grow enthusiastic about any of the 
things that white men say to them or about 
them. We must keep an open mind and 
insist on deeds and not words, no matter 
how good they sound. 

All parties and candidates must know 
that we insist on the fullness of United 
States citizenship and will never be satis- 
fied with anything less. We must have its 
privileges, its responsibilities and the pro- 
tection of the country's laws, North, South, 
East and West. We will support the party 
that will give us tangible evidence that it 
recognizes this principle and will carry it 
into effect. We will not compromise, for 
progress for us will not come through com- 
promise. This has been tried and has mis- 
erably failed. We must be true to our- 
selves and to our own. 

Then as the election comes let us pondei 
on these things, profiting by the past and 
the present, and fighting our way into the 
future with whatever weapon is needed to 
achieve the goal of complete American cit- 



National • Ass ociaiion • for • {He • • - 
Advancement o/^ Colored- People. 


•J retary of the Association since 1916, has 
been appointed as Acting Secretary, pend- 
ing final action by the Board of Directors, 
to succeed John R. Shillady, resigned. Mr. 
Johnson is one of the best known colored 
men in the United States. Besides being 
field secretary of the N. A. A. C. P. he is 
widely known as contributing editor of the 
New York Age. He is an author of note, 
having written several volumes, and has 
contributed to various periodicals such as 
the Century, The Independent, The Nation 
and The Crisis. 

Mr. Johnson has been one of the greatest 
single factors in the rapid growth of the 
Association in membership and in power 
during the past three years. When he en- 
tered upon his work in the winter of 1916 
the N. A. A. C. P. had 68 branches with 
a membership of 8,642. Today the Asso- 
ciation has 345 branches with a membership 
of approximately 100,000. This -remark- 
able growth has been due in a large mea- 
sure to the work that Mr. Johnson has done 
as field secretary in building up the strong- 
chain of branches that the Association now 
has. When he entered upon his work the 
Association had only two branches in the 
Southern States. Mr. Johnson realized that 
the great strength of a movement like the 
N. A. A. C. P. lay to a large extent in fight- 
ing where prejudice was greatest. He there- 
fore immediately started through the South, 
organizing branches. On that trip he or- 
ganized personally fifteen branches, includ- 
ing that at Atlanta, one of the strongest in 
the Association and host to the Eleventh 
Annual Conference in June, 1920; and from 
that nucleus the number has grown until 
today there are 165 Branches in Southern 
States with a membership of 50,000. 

The appointment of Mr. Johnson will meet 
with the full approval of all the branches 
because of his unstinted service to the As- 
sociation since his connection with it, and 
his ability as an executive. 

The loss to the Association through the 
resignation of Mr. Shillady, who began 
work as secretary in February, 1918, and 
whose energy and executive ability did so 
much in making the Association the in- 
creasingly powerful organization that it is, 
is regretted by every member of the Asso- 
ciation. Under the guidance of Mr. John- 
son the work of making the N. A. A. C. P. 
the most powerful weapon ever known in 
defense of the rights of colored people will 
be carried on with vigorous efficiency. 


I^V URING the spring Mr. Johnson was sent 
-"-^ to Haiti by the Association to investi- 
gate the vague and fragmentary rumors of 
oppression and brutalities there under the 
American Occupation and of the exploita- 
tion of that country by great financial in- 
terests in the United States. He found 
conditions worse than were suspected. In 
the September issue of The Crisis an ar- 
ticle appeared, written by Mr. Johnson, giv- 
ing some of the facts he learned. On Aug- 
ust 28th, he began in The Nation a series 
of four articles on conditions in Haiti. Also 
in connection with other demands of the 
Negro, he recently took up with Senator 
Harding the question of Haiti. Mr. Hard- 
ing expressed surprise at the facts given 
him, and stated that he would give the mat- 
ter his attention in the campaign. Mr. John- 
son's articles are attracting wide notice, and 
it is probable that the revelation of condi- 
tions they contain will lead to a congres- 
sional investigation of facts that have been 
kept from the American people. 


A FTER repeated delays and many dis- 
■*•*- heartening failures the advocates of 
woman suffrage succeeded on August 18 in 
securing the ratification of the Nineteenth 
Amendment to the Constitution by the Ten- 
nessee legislature — the 36th state to ratify. 
This gives the right to vote in the Novem- 
ber elections and in all future elections to 


N. A. A. C. P. 


more than 27,000,000 women in the United 

It was but natural that the South should 
be the stronghold of the anti-suffrage forces 
— that opposition being based on the pros- 
pective participation in politics of colored 
women. The task immediately before us 
now is to see that the colored woman voter 
does take advantage of her opportunity and 
that she does so with more intelligence than 
the Negro man has done This will be an 
easier accomplishment in that the major 
portion of all the contention for a larger 
opportunity for the Negro during the past 
half-century has been carried on by colored 
women, although they have not always re- 
ceived the credit for it. Within the next 
few years there will be many attempts by 
southern legislatures to make disfranchise- 
ment laws cover colored women. Those ef- 
forts must be fought with all the vigor that 
12,000,000 colored citizens can muster. 

Many of the new voters recently enfran- 
chised as well as a large proportion of the 
men voters will need definite instruction re- 
garding what must be done to qualify. In 
the September number of the Branch Bulle- 
tin a plan was outlined for an intensive 
course in political education, of a practical 
sort. This plan calls for the formation of 
classes for the study of the fundamental 
principles underlying the use of the ballot 
— how to qualify — how and when to register 
— how to mark a ballot — how to examine 
the past records of aspirants for office for 
whom votes are to be cast. 

The plan as outlined in the September 
Branch Bulletin provides for the immediate 
forming of classes in political education by 
the various branches of the Association. 
The N. A. A. C. P. is, and always has been, 
a political organization in the broadest 
sense of the word. It is the duty of the 
Association, both nationally and through 
its local branches, to (1) teach colored vot- 
ers how to unite to defeat all candidates 
for office who are unfavorable, and to sup- 
port those who can be depended upon to 
deal justly in all public questions, particu- 
larly in connection with the Negro's prob- 
lems; (2) examine records of aspirants for 
office in order to determine whether or not 
these aspirants can be trusted; (3) bind 
these candidates so effectively that they will 
not be able to neglect or forget their pre- 

campaign promises after they have been 

Of greater importance than the election 
of a president, is the political complexion 
of the next Congress of the various State 
legislatures and the personnel of the state, 
county and municipal officers. 

In the four pivotal states of Illinois, In- 
diana, Kentucky and Maryland, the Negro 
vote forms the balance of power, while in 
Michigan, New Jersey, New York and Ohio 
the total Negro vote almost equals the 
number of votes which will decide the elec- 
toral vote in each of these states. In {he 
states of Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Kan- 
sas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, 
Pennsylvania and West Virginia, in each 
of which the Negro vote has been largely 
augmented through the migratory move- 
ment of the last four years, the margin 
will be almost, if not quite, as narrow. 

The National Office strongly urges all its 
branches to form these classes. Efforts 
should be made to reach every citizen of 
voting age. Qualified persons who are will- 
ing to serve should be secured as leaders of 
the various classes. At the meetings, the 
leader should discuss, not academically, but 
in a way that will keep alive the interest 
of the classes, the questions directly affect- 
ing the voting problems of that group. 
After the discussion by the leader, the class 
should be allowed to ask questions and dis- 
cuss their particular problems. 

Specific problems such as the qualifica- 
tions necessary for registration and voting 
in the particular state and community 
where the class is held should be taken up. 
Some states require educational qualifica- 
tions; others the ownership of property; 
some, the payment of a poll tax. In all 
states, the prospective voter must have 
lived in that state a certain length of time. 
Next, the class should learn when and where 
the prospective voter should register. A 
great deal of work can be done by "flying 
squadrons" in getting out as many people 
as possible and having them register. After 
registration has been accomplished, the next 
step is that of determining which of the 
candidates to be voted for are most worthy 
of support, and then voting for those can- 
didates on election day. 

Although the time is short before the 
elections in November, a great deal of effec- 
tive work can be done by the branches. Th« 


Anacostia, D. C. 


Wilmington, Del. 

Atlanta, Ga. 


Jacksonville, Fla. 

Springfield, Mass. 

Suffolk, Va. 

Memphis, Tenn. , 

Selma, Ala. 


Irvington-on-the-Hudson, N. Y. 



Richmond, Ya. 


Los Angeles, Gal. 


Nashville, Tenn. 



branches have been warned to guard espe- 
cially against attempts en the part, of venal 
politicians of both races whotmay attempt 
to unduly influence these classes when 
formed. These classes properly formed and 
prosecuting their work with vigor can ac- 
complish a great deal in making the Negro 
vote in many communities a most effective 
weapon in the November elections for the 
betterment of conditions affecting colored 


ON July 30 the closing chapter in the 
life of Sergeant Edgar C. Caldwell 
was written when he was executed at An- 
niston, Ala., for the killing of Cecil Linton, 
a street car conductor in that city on Octo- 
ber 1, 1919. Few cases have attracted such 
nation-wide attention as did this one. The 
whole story of the alleged crime, together 
with the long legal fight made to save the 
life of this colored man who fought in a 
southern town to save his own life has been 
told in previous issues of The Crisis. Fol- 
lowing a dispute with the conductor of a 
street car in Anniston, Caldwell was kicked 
from the car. As he was about to rise 
from the ground, the conductor and motor- 
man of the car advanced on him with wea- 
pons in their hands to attack him further. 
Caldwell drew his revolver and firing from 
his hip, killed the conductor and wounded 
the motorman. Caldwell was arrested by 
civil authorities, although he was a soldier 
and subject to military trial and punish- 
ment if found guilty by a court-martial. He 
was found guilty of murder in the first de- 
gree and sentenced to be hanged. 

Through the splendid work of the Annis- 
ton-Hobson City Branch of the N. A. A. 
C. P., in which the Rev. R. R. Williams of 
Anniston was conspicuously active, the case 
was fought through the various state courts 
of Alabama, in which fight the branch was 
aided by the other Alabama branches and 
the National Office. The long fight was 
told of in detail in the January issue of 
The Crisis. After reversals there, the case 
was carried to the United States Supreme 
Court where again Caldwell lost. Final 

appeals to the governor of Alabama to com- 
mute the sentence of death to life impris- 
onment were unavailing. 

The National Office wishes especially to 
commend the Alabama lawyers who fought 
so determinedly to save Caldwell's life, — - 
Messrs.- Charles D. Kline and B. M. Allen, 
and to "Messrs. James A. Cobb and Henry 
E. Davis of Washington who did the same 
in the United States Supreme Court. It 
also wishes to express its sincere apprecia- 
tion to the large number of its friends, who 
are too numerous to mention individually, 
who aided in such wholehearted and loyal 
fashion in the defense. 

Sergeant Caldwell is dead, but the efforts 
to save him are not lost. No person who 
is conversant with the facts in his case 
feels that he was guilty of a crime when 
he fought to save his own life. No red- 
blooded person would have done otherwise. 
Caldwell has been sacrificed on the altar 
of prejudice. His death means but one 
more addition to the long list of crimes 
which have been done in the name of color 
prejudice. His end means but one more 
reason for a more unbending and relentless 
fight on the part of every Negro and every 
right-minded person of every race to end 
this farce which allows color prejudice to 
blind justice and judge a man not on his 
deeds but on the color of his skin. Cald- 
well's last words, spoken just before the 
noose was placed around his neck, express 
his feeling toward the country that had ac- 
cepted his services in battle and repaid him 
by a legal lynching. They close Caldwell's 
life history but who knows what part his 
death may play in the ending of the regime 
that caused his death? 

"/ am being sacrificed today upon the 
altar of passion and racial hatred that ap- 
pears to be the bulwark of America's civ- 
ilization. If it would alleviate the pain and, 
sufferings of my race, I would count myself 
fortunate in dying, but I am but one of the 
many victims among my people who are 
paying the price of America's mockery of 
law and dishonesty in her profession of n 
world democracy" 


Charles Bertram Johnson 

ALL day within an upturned glass Gray threads of color blurred and purled 

Of mist and clouds, the ghostly rains And streaming pencils tapering white,- 
Streak down and listless winds that pass, The autumn mood is on the world, 

Like vapor chilled on window panes. And I am helpless in its might. 

jrhe Lookiiv0 Glass 


HOW to better the condition of the col- 
ored race, has long been a study which 
has attracted my serious and careful at- 
tention; hence I think I am clear and de- 
cided as to what course I shall pursue in 
the premises, regarding it as a religious 
duty, as the Nation's guardian of these 
people who have so heroically vindicated 
their, manhood on the battlefield, where, in 
assisting to save the life of the Republic, 
RIGHT TO THE BALLOT, which is but 
the humane protection of the flag they have 
so fearlessly defended. — Abraham Lincoln. 


TO many people even in the North the 
good name of the Negro race is noth- 
ing and may be defamed for any purpose. 
Consider this incident in Pennsylvania. We 
clip from the Philadelphia Bulletin on two 
dates : 

Waylaid by three Negro highwaymen 
two squares from his home, John E. Dalton, 
twenty-one, of Sharon Hill, was shot and 
killed shortly after midnight today. 
To the Editor of The Bulletin: 

Sir — May I call your attention to what I 
consider one of the most reprehensible acts 
by the so-called legal authorities anywhere 
in this country? All of us have been read- 
ing about the brutal murder of John Dalton, 
of Sharon Hill, and of how the Delaware 
county authorities were scouring the coun- 
try for three Negroes who committed the 
crime. We read of the swearing in of over 
a hundred ex-service men as special police- 
men, of how these men were searching Ne- 
gro quarters within a wide radius of the 
murder; how the white people have been 
aroused and open threats against unoffend- 
ing colored people openly made. I note in 
The Bulletin the following statement: 

"Charles H. Drewes, Coroner of Delaware 
county, declares that from the first he had 
been convinced that Dalton was killed by 
one man after a bitter struggle, but he said 
the authorities supported the theory that 
three colored highwaymen committed the 
deed so as not to warn the real murderer." 

It is to the eternal shame of the custo- 
dians of the law of Delaware county that 
they are guilty of such a mean, cowardly 
subterfuge. Had there been riot and blood- 
shed at. Sharon Hill these "protectors of the 
people" would haye been entirely to blame. 
Colored people of Sharon Hill and all other 
towns and cities are appealing for and' de- 
manding fair play. We are tired of being 
held up before the world as a mask to shield 

the fellow who does the dirty work. We do 
not protect our criminals; for them we only 
ask the same tre'atment as others receive. 
T feel that all will agree that the authorities 
of De'aware county have stooped to the 
very lowest plane of racial antipathy. 

John P. Turner, M.D. 

Neil Steer, a southern white man, writes 
to the Durham, N. C, Herald: 

I have just read your editorials on the 
lynching of Red Roach in Person county, 
and I feel I would be an unworthy citizen 
if I failed to state what I know about this 

When this Negro was lynched, as innocent 
a man was murdered as would have been 
had you or I been the victim of the mob. 
He was working for me and was a quiet, 
hard working, inoffensive, humble Negro. 
On Monday he came to me and stated that 
he was sick and wanted to go with me to 
Durham that night to see a doctor. I 
greatly regret that I did not take him with 
ire, for I believe his life would have been 
spared, but instead I arranged for him to 
go Tuesday night to Roxboro. He continued 
at his work all day Tuesday until about 
5:30 (bear in mind the crime for which he 
was lynched occurred between 2 and 3 
o'clock that afternoon) when he asked per- 
mission of his foreman to stop and go to 
catch the train for Roxboro. Permission 
was given him and he left for the station, 
walking. At 5:45 he passed the State's 
bridge crew (white men) and two men who 
were searching for the guilty Negro saw 
him and followed him up the road to Mount 
Tersa station where he sat down and wait- 
ed for the train. These two men sat down 
on. the railroad near him. When the train 
came he got on and paid his fare to Rox- 
boro and got off the train there. He was 
not arrested until he got off the train. I 
am advised by the chief of police, he asked 
what they had him for and told them he 
had not done anything, but he was not told 
until he got in jail what they had him for. 
He denied it and told the little girl when 
she was brought in that she was mistaken ; 
he was not the man, so the sheriff informs 
me. He asked to be taken by my office to 
see my superintendent with whom I had ar- 
ranged to carry him to the doctor, but per- 
mission was refused him. He had been 
working for me off and on for two years 
and on this particular work since Novem- 
ber 1, 1919, and was in every way a straight- 
forward, inoffensive Negro. His life has 
been taken for something he knew abso- 
lutely nothing about. . . . 

I make this statement in the interest of 
truth and justice and with a full knowledge 




of the odium I am bringing down upon my 
own head in doing so, but with the hope 
that his fearful crime may shock our people 
as to make its like again an impossibility. 


f T 1 HE great Negro gift of interpreting 
•*■ Beauty is being gradually recognized. 
Clive Bell writes in the English periodical, 
Arts and Decoration: 

Because in the past Negro art has been 
treated with absurd contempt, we are all 
inclined now to overpraise it; and because 
I mean to keep my head I shall doubtless 
by my best friends be called a fool. Judg- 
ing from the available data — no great stock, 
by the way — I should say that Negro art 
was entitled to a place among the great 
schools, but that it was no match for the 
greatest. With the greatest I would com- 
pare it; I would compare it with the art of 
the supreme Chinese periods (from Han to 
Sung), with archaic Greek, with Byzantine, 
with Mohammedan, which for archaeologi- 
cal purposes, begins under the Sassanians 
a hundred years and more before the birth 
of the prophet; I would compare it with 
Romanesque and early Italian (from Giotto 
to Raffael) ; but I would place it below all 
these. On the other hand, when I consider 
the whole corpus of black art known to us, 
and compare it with Assyrian, Roman, In- 
dian, true Gothic (not Romanesque, that 
is to say), or late Renaissance, it seems to 
me that the blacks have the best of it. 

And, on the whole, I should be inclined 
to place West and Central African art, at 
any rate, on a level with Egyptian. Such 
sweeping classifications, however, are not 
to be taken too seriously. 

All I want to say is that, though the capi- 
tal achievements of the greatest schools do 
seem to me to have an absolute superiority 
over anything Negro I have seen, yet the 
finest black sculpture is so rich in artistic 
qualities that it is entitled to a place beside 


* * * 

The Literary Digest says: 

An Englishman, however, has heard a 
colored orchestra in London and writes in 
The Daily Chronicle that "in the spontane- 
ous music and naive accompanying body- 
movements of these colored performers 
there was no trace of the vulgarity and 
veiled indecency which, since their adop- 
tion by the white man, have become char- 
acteristic of the so-called jazz tunes and 
the wrigglings and undulations of the so- 
called jazz dances." The writer, by name 
"Collum," seems to seize a chance to re- 
lieve some of the recently accumulated irri- 
tation against America, and shows how we 
have missed the finer spirit of Negro music : 

"I discovered that the characteristics of 
this southern Negro music are not, as 
America has interpreted them for us, vul- 
garity and bizarreness. They are an honest 
native sense of rhythm and a spontaneous 
response to the vis comica in music, . . . 

the 'force of humor,' that bubbles up in it 
and makes each performance a delight not 
only to the average western audience, but 
to the musicians themselves. What a 
piquant pleasure it is to go to a musical 
show and to be thoroughly entertained— to 
be made to enjoy oneself without concen- 
tration of effort, to be sent off into ripples 
and roars of happy laughter, not by any- 
thing untoward or grotesque, but by the 
sheer innate fun 'of the thing! 

"For years and years it has seemed al- 
most an impiety to think of humor in con- 
nection with music. Music as an accom- 
paniment to comedy and farce, music as a 
handmaiden to the banalities of that mirth - 
lacking production of a blase age, the mod- 
ern revue — ah, yes! But humor in the mu- 
sic and the musicians themselves, oh, dear 
me, no ! That were a contradiction in terms. 

"If these colored musicians, in their 
happy-go-lucky performances, their humor- 
ous improvisation embroidered, as you 
might say, all about the motif of their de- 
sign without in the least destroying its 
rhythmical balance or the strict discipline 
of their ensemble playing — if they can dem- 
onstrate to our sophisticated musical scien- 
tists that music is not necessarily a serious 
business for the mathematicians and the 
virtuosi, but can be also an ebullition of 
spontaneous art instinct with the vis comica 
to which music has been so long a stranger, 
they will have done much more for us than 
merely to give our blase Londoners a chance 
of a real good laugh." 


CERTAIN American railway unions or- 
ganized the Negroes of the Canal 
Zone. They struck against wages of $52 a 
month and found the whole government 
against them. The Nation says: 

Evictions of the strikers began promptly 
on schedule time, but certain landlords in 
San Miguel and elsewhere decided to rent 
vacant houses and rooms only to dispos- 
sessed silver employees, and to collect no 
rents until the strike was settled. The gold 
employees of the canal — the whites — showed 
little sympathy with the efforts of the silver 
workers to obtain a living wage, however, 
as is illustrated by the following statement 
from the Panama Star and Herald: 

The night service of the canal telephone 
department was not interfered with in the 
least by the failure of the silver operatives 
to report for duty. The shifts were so ar- 
ranged by the officials of the department to 
work the girls twenty-four hours a day in- 
stead of under the old day and night shifts. 
The girls who volunteered for the work 
found it quite a novelty and no complaints 
have been made by them. 

The strike theoretically ended at mid- 
night, March 3, although most of the men 
were still out. William P. Stoute, the lead- 
er of the strikers, asked naturalization in 



Panama, but the Sub-Secretary of Foreign 
Affairs — the same Mr. Hazera who had aid- 
ed in breaking the strike by his efforts to 
keep the evicted families out of Panama — 
advised against it. The strikers were not 
only beaten but disillusioned, for they had 
confidently counted on help from their 
union in the United States, to which, they 
said, they had sent $100,000 gold; but their 
appeals for assistance were unanswered. 

And yet the Unions are terribly angry be- 
cause Negroes are scabs. 


OOONER or later the South must sur- 
^ render its stolen political power or al- 
low the Negro to vote. Northern papers 
have carried several despatches lately like 
this from the New York Times: 

Mr. Siegel said last night that he was 
not committed on the new proposal to ap- 
portion Representatives to the South only 
on the basis of the voting population, but 
that he intended to hold full hearings on the 
subject. He said the present agitation to 
force the South to permit Negro voting or 
suffer a shrinkage in representation had 
grown greatly in recent months. 

Congressman Barbour of California, one 
of the most active figures in the agitation 
for votes for Negroes in the South, is a 
member of the Committee on Reapportion- 
ment. There are nine northern Republicans 
and six southern Democrats on the com- 
mittee, and it is understood that the com- 
mittee is likely to recommend a bill exclud- 
ing from the basis of Federal apportion- 
ment all classes of citizens excluded from 
the polls. The committee will have before 
it the entire subject of reapportioning the 
representation in Congress, in accordance 
with the final figures of this year's census, 
which will be completed in September. 

The man in the agitation for this change 
in apportionment, based on the Negro vote, 
Mr. Siegel says, is the Rev. Thomas G. M. 
Birmingham of Milford, Neb., who appeared 
before the Committee on Resolutions of the 
Republican National Convention and ar- 
gued in favor of this plan. The Rev. Mr. 
Birmingham and his associates have flooded 
the North with appeals for this movement. 
Congressman Siegel said, and had gained a 
considerable following. He said that most 
of the propaganda was based on justice to 
the Negro, but that there were also Re- 
publicans who objected earnestly to the 
practice of making Republican Negroes, 
who are kept away from the polls, the 
means of increasing Democratic represen- 
tation in Congress. 


SECRETARY BAKER says that Negro 
pioneer regiments involve no race dis- 
crimination. But the Fall River, Mass., 
Daily News says: 

Is it possible that Secretary Baker can 

suppose that his last statement can be cred- 
ited by any considerable number of the peo- 
ple? It is patent to every observer that 
there is a sharp discrimination between the 
black and white races. If the decision is 
not a stigma on the colored soldier on ac- 
count of his race, why does the Department 
not decree that Irish-Americans or Franco- 
Americans or Polish-Americans shall be 
made pioneers assigned to the drudgery 
corps? It is a race stigma that the deci- 
sion affixes to colored soldiers. Secretary 
Baker may think that the exigencies of the 
situation justify the decision. But, if so, 
let him try to justify it without the false- 
hood that no race discrimination is intended. 
Of course it is intended.. 


WE have a few friends even in South 
Africa. The African World writes: 

The late Senator Schreiner was born at 
Colesberg, in the Cape, in 1844, and was 
the son of the late Rev. G. Schreiner of the 
Wesleyan Missionary Society and an elder 
brother of Olive Schreiner and the late 
High Commissioner of the Union, whose 
senior he was by thirteen years. He re- 
ceived his education at the Wesleyan Col- 
lege, Taunton, and at the age of nineteen 
he became vice-principal of the Shaw Col- 
lege, Grahamstown, a position which he held 
for five years. Thereafter he was head- 
master of the Government School at Crad- 
ock during the period 1869-70. In 1870 he 
threw up this promising academic career 
and joined in the great rush to the Vaal 
River diggings and Kimberley. . . . 

In the meantime he devoted himself more 
and more to the interests of the temperance 
cause. In 1889 he went as Good Templar 
delegate to America, and in subsequent 
years he travelled extensively in Europe, 
Egypt, and Asia Minor in the same con- 
nection. At the beginning of the present 
century he spent two years in England as 
the delegate of the South African Vigilance 
Committee. In 1904 he was elected to the 
Cape Parliament as Progressive member 
for Tembuland, and when the Union was 
formed in 1910 he was returned for the 
same division in the united Parliament. 
There he stood forward as the champion of 
a liberal native policy, and in his later 
years it became the chief interest of his life 
to express the natives' point of view in the 
deliberations of the Assembly. 

It was principally for this reason that 
when his brother, the late Hon. W. P. 
Schreiner, was appointed in 1915 from the 
Senate to the Union High Commissioner- 
ship in London, he was nominated by the 
Governor-General as one of the Senators 
who, in terms of the Constitution, are elect- 
ed on the ground mainly of their acquain- 
tance with the reasonable wants and wishes 
of the colored races. In this capacity and 
in connection with the native policy which 
is now in course of formulation in the Union 
he rendered conspicuous service to the races 
whom he represented in the Legislature. 

AVen of the Month 

ELIJAH McCOY is regarded as the pio- 
neer in the art of steadily supplying 
oil to machinery in intermittent drops from 
a cup so as to avoid the necessity for stop- 
ping the machine to oil it. His lubricating 
cup has been in use for years on stationary 
and locomotive machinery, including rail- 
way locomotives, boiler engines of steamers, 
on the Great Lakes, on trans- Atlantic steam- 
ships and in leading factories. The McCoy 
method of graphite lubrication has a score 
of over 300,000 miles without repacking 
cylinders, while one piston valve super- 
heater has covered over 100,000 miles with- 
out repacking. 

Elijah McCoy was born May 12, 1844, 
and is the third of 12 children. His parents 
were Mildred Gaines-McCoy and George 
McCoy, who fled to Canada from slavery in 
1837. His father was a veteran of the 
Fenian War, serving with the Canadian 

The McCoy Graphite Lubricator repre- 
sents Mr. McCoy's 67th invention, his 58th 
patent and his 46th patent or improvement 
upon lubricating devices. Mr. McCoy was 
granted his first patent July, 1872. He is 
vice-president of the McCoy Manufacturing 
Company at Detroit, Michigan. ' 

THE late Edward Seabrook was born in 
Aiken County, S. C., November 6, 1869. 
His schooling stopped at the fourth grade 
when he went to work on steamboats for the 
support of his mother, becoming in time a 
first-class pilot. 

In 1895 at Savannah, Ga., Mr. Seabrook 
entered the undertaking business for which 
he built a 3-story brick structure. Seven 
years ago he retired, selling to the Savan- 
nah Undertaking Company, but retaining 
considerable interest in the company. He 
was a director of the Wage Earners' Sav- 
ings Bank and of the Consolidated Realty 
Corporation; a Knight of Pythias and a 
Mason; and a trustee of St. Phillips A. M. 
E. Church. At the age of 21 he married 
Miss Nina Trayus, who survives him. 

dianapolis World and then of the Washing- 
ton Colored American, and finally estab- 
lished Thompson's News Bureau, which sent 
weekly letters to the colored press. 

Mr. Thompson was the first colored page 
in the Indiana Legislature and afterward 
held Civil Service positions of various 
grades, including a clerkship in the Gov- 
ernment Printing Office. He is chiefly to 
be remembered, however, by his news letters 
from Washington to the colored papers. 
They were entertainingly written and wide- 
ly read and represented a distinct advance 
in colored journalism. 

-Mr. Thompson was born at Brandenburg, 
Ky., in 1866. A wife survives him. 

THE late Senator Charles B. Dunbar of 
Liberia was born in Monrovia, March 
6, 1875. He was a student of The Alexander 
High School, of which the late venerable 
Senator Alfred B. King was head. He came 
to the United States and was graduated 
from Lincoln University in 1895. Return- 
ing to Liberia, he became a notable lawyer 
and served his government as Secretary of 
the Liberian Delegation to the World Expo- 
sition at Chicago in 1893 ; as a Commissioner 
to the United States to seek advice rela- 
tive to the encroachments on Liberia at the 
hands of some of the great European pow- 
ers in 1908; and as a delegate from Liberia 
to the World Peace Conference held at 
aris in 1919. He was a 33rd degree Ma- 
son and for several years served with 
honor and distinction as Grand Master of 
Masonic lodges in Liberia. 

IN 1891 the late Richard W. Thompson 
associated himself with the Indianapolis 
Leader and learned the printing trade; he 
became managing editor first of the In- 

HpHE late Dr. J. H. Shepperd was the 
■*• first Negro to practise medicine at Pe- 
oria, 111., where he built a lucrative practice 
among both colored and white people. He 
served as chief sanitary officer at Camp 
Sam Houston and received special mention 
from the Surgeon General for sanitary effi- 
ciency. He had the rank of Captain in the 
8th Illinois Regiment of which he had been 
a member for 15 years. 

Dr. Shepperd was born in Lynchburg, 
Va., February 22, 1865. He studied at 
Howard University and received his medi- 
cal degree from Meharry College in 1899. 









npHE highest paid colored city em- 
•*- ployee at Cleveland, Ohio, is Dr. J. 
T. Sykes who receives $3,300 per year as 
District Physician; there are inspectors in 
the garbage department, bookkeepers, 
weight masters, bathhouse superintendents, 
street foremen and 27 men on the police 
force at salaries of $2,000 per year; 30 men 
and women foremen and clerks at $1,500 
per year; and 200 garbage cart drivers at 
$5.50 per day. 

CE The Ideal Progressive Laundry Corpora- 
tion has been chartered as a $100,000 col- 
ored enterprise at Pittsburgh, Pa., to do a 
general laundry, cleaning and pressing busi- 
ness. The promoters are C. E. Thomas, 
president; Mark King, secretary; and Dr. 
J. F. Jackson, treasurer. 
G Bob Lindsey, a Negro, has realized on 
$15,000 worth of cotton at Gadsden, Ala. 
C At Superior, Wis., Mrs. Hallie R. Sal- 
ters, colored, is manager of the Western 
Union Telegraph Office; she was previously 
a telephone operator at Minneapolis. Mr. 
Goins, a Negro at St. Paul, is an operator 
in the Postal Telegraph Cable Office. 
C The Wage Earners' Savings Bank at 
Savannah, Ga., has resources of $1,036,000. 
d Harry M. Legg, a Negro, formerly of 
Birmingham, Ala., is operating a wholesale 
and retail grocery . business at Seattle, 
Wash., valued at $65,000. He employs 27 
clerks, with W. H. Banks, also formerly 
of Birmingham, as manager. 
G Hinton D. Alexander, a colored mail car- 
rier at Chattanooga, Tenn., has been re- 
tired after 38 years' service. 
G The Parris Import and Export Corpora- 
tion, capitalized at $200,000, has been es- 
tablished at Newport News, Va., by Negroes 
for the import of tropical products princi- 
pally from Africa and the export of Amer- 
ican products. Mr. O. Z. Parris is presi- 
dent of the company. 
(I Fitzherbert Howell, a colored real estate 

dealer, recently sold at $25,000 each, eight 
five-story houses in West 135th Street, New 
York City, to colored buyers. 
G Two hundred colored clerks were ap- 
pointed recently in the Bureau of the Cen- 
sus at Washington. The salary is $960 per 
year plus $240 bonus. 

G The Thrift Commercial Company has 
been organized at Washington, D. C, to 
conduct a chain grocery business. Negroes 
in the District of Columbia spend $18,250,- 
000 annually, or $50,000 per day, for grocer- 
ies, etc. 

CE R. W. Westbury, a colored cotton dealer 
at Columbia, S. C, has profits of $100 per 
day; J. C. Sawyer has an income from cot- 
ton averaging $40,000 per year. 
G At the Webster Witter Farm, Beeville, 
Tex., a colored woman 60 years of age, 
Noumann by name, picks 430 pounds of cot- 
ton daily, or one-third of a bale. At the 
rate of $1.50 per hundred pounds, her wage 
is $6.50 per day. 

G Albemarle Bank has been opened by Ne- 
groes at Elizabeth City, N. C, with a paid 
in capital of $25,000. Dr. E. L. Boffler is 

G Dr. Leonidas Crogman of Atlanta, Ga., 
has sailed for Brazil, with other colored men 
from the South, for the purpose of estab- 
lishing business relations with South Amer- 

C Ten Negro businesses with headquarters 
in Atlanta are incorporated under the laws 
of Georgia, with capital stock and assets 
of at least $100,000 each; with smaller cor- 
porations operating out of Atlanta, the to- 
tal capitalization is nearly $3,000,000. 
C The Delsarte Film Corporation, capital- 
ized at $100,000, has been organized by 
Negroes in New York, with F. Harrison 
Hough, president; John S. Brown, Jr., 
secretary-treasurer; and Clarence E. Muse, 
director-general. Among the players are 
Inez Clough, Susie Sutton-Brown and Spahr 
Dickey. A party of 12 players will sail 




during September for Haiti. In the fall 
"Toussaint L'Ouverture, the Abraham Lin- 
coln of Haiti", will be released, featuring 
Clarence E. Muse. 

(L J. William Galewood, for 10 years em- 
ployed as a colored general clerk in the 
office of City Comptroller E. S. Morrow at 
Pittsburgh, Pa., has been promoted to Pay 
Counter Clerk. 

C The Andrews Asphalt Paving Company 
has opened a hotel with accommodation for 
400 colored laborers and dining-room capac- 
ity for 300 at Hamilton, Ohio. 
(I The Cleveland Hardware Company has 
sent its colored foreman, Robert Hodges, on 
a tour through the South to present the op- 
portunities offered by this plant to colored 
men and women. 

(I Mrs. M. H. Toland, a colored woman in 
Chattanooga, Tenn., has invented the "Drip 
Pan Alarm," a refrigerator contrivance so 
operated as to ring when water in a drip- 
pan has reached a certain height. 



■■-' Moore, Negroes, won Republican nomi- 
nation for the State Legislature from St. 

([ The Ohio State Republican ticket has 6 
Negro nominees: William R. Green for the 
Senate; and Harry E. Davis, Samuel E. 
Woods, Benjamin F. Hughes, the Rev. 
George L. Davis, and Henry M. Higgins 
for the House of Representatives. 
([ W. Ashbie Hawkins of Baltimore, Md., 
has been nominated by Negroes as a colored 
candidate for the United States Senate. 
C As a result of the migration from the 
South, it has been estimated that there 
will be 300,000 Negroes in the North cast- 
ing their first vote. 

C At St. Louis, Mo., Mr. I. H. Bradbury 
has been elected a member of the Republi- 
can State Central Committee. Mr. Brad- 
bury is a colored city garbage inspector. 


A NEW graded school is being built for 
-**■ colored children at Atchison, Kan. It 
will cost $150,000 and include a swimming- 
pool and a gymnasium. 
d At Knoxville, Tenn., the scholastic popu- 
lation is 30,068, of whom 26,284 can. read 
and write and 3,784 are illiterates; of 5,324 
Negroes 4,756 can read and write, while 
658 are illiterates. 

(I The United States Inter-departmental 
Board of Social Hygiene has approved the 
Howard University budget of $12,440 for 
social hygiene work; the university will 
carry $3,900 of this budget. 
CL The Hospital and Health Board of Kan- 
sas City, Mo., has established a free inten- 
sive training school in pathology and bac- 
teriology for colored doctors at the General 
Hospital. The Colored Division of this hos- 
pital has 300 beds, 8 internes, 40 nurses and 
a staff of 43 physicians. 
G In New York City there were 600 colored 
teachers attending summer school. The 
South had the largest representation, with 
Atlanta in the lead. 

C George W. Gore, Jr., a graduate of the 
colored Pearl High School, Nashville, Tenn., 
is one of ten members of the freshman class 
of 500 at De Pauw University to win an 
Edward Rector Scholarship for excelling in 
scholarship during his first year. He is the 
first Negro to receive a scholarship at De 

(I J. Henry Alston, A.B., Lincoln Univer- 
sity '17, and A.M. Clark University '20, has 
been appointed Instructor of Psychology at 
Morehouse College, Atlanta, Ga. Mr. Al- 
ston was formerly Professor of Mathemat- 
ics at Walden University and Principal of 
the High School Department of Paine Col- 
lege. . 

(I Lincoln University at Chester, Pa., has 
been promoted from Class 2 to Class 1 
among Negro colleges. 

(I Professor J. E. K. Aggrey of Living- 
stone College, North Carolina, is on a year's 
leave of absence for the study of education- 
al missions in Africa, under the Phelps- 
Stokes Fund Commission. 
(I By authority of the State Department 
of Public Instruction, Cheyney Training 
School for Teachers at Cheyney, Pa., opens 
as a standardized State Normal School. 
The school was founded in 1837 and has as 
its principal Leslie Pinckney Hill, A.B., 
A.M., of Harvard University. 


nnHERE were 1,000 delegates in attend- 
-*- ance at the annual convention of the 
National Negro Business League held In 
Philadelphia. Dr. R. R. Moton of Tuskegee 
was re-elected president; three women, Mrs. 
Booker T. Washington, of Tuskegee, Ala., 
Mrs. Maggie L. Walker of Richmond, Va., 



and Mrs. Aaron E. Malone of St. Louis, 
Mo., were elected vice-presidents. 
(T Over 100 delegates, representing 25 
states, attended the first annual convention 
of the National Negro Tailors' Association 
held in New York City. 

(I The Industrial and Commercial Council 
of People of African Descent will convene 
in Los Angeles, Gal., September 25-27. 
Among matters to be discussed are agricul- 
ture, commerce, industry, labor, health, edu- 
cation, corporations, inter-state relations 
and a national industrial exposition. The 
Hon. J. W. Coleman of Los Angeles is 

(L Negroes of Alabama and Tennessee have 
organized a Colored Fair and Racing Asso- 
ciation. Fairs will be held during August, 
September and October. 


/COLORED Knights of Pythias of Indi- 
^^ ana have held their annual session at 
Marion. The 1921 session will meet at In- 
dianapolis. E. G. Tidrington of Evansville 
was elected Grand Chancellor for the six- 
teenth consecutive time. 
C Five hundred delegates were in attend- 
ance at the annual meeting of the Grand 
Lodge of Negro Odd Fellows of Salisbury, 
N. C. Endowment policies have been in- 
creased from $200 to $300 ; the organization 
has a balance of $40,000. 
(E King Solomon Chapter of Royal Arch 
Masons has been organized at Sewickley, 
Pa. F. Quincy Adams was elected Most 
Excellent High Priest. 

d Mosaic Templars of America has cele- 
brated 37 years' achievement. During 1919 
the income was $661,499, insurance in force, 
$30,250,200; its assets are $690,353, with 
$125,000 invested in Liberty Bonds; liabili- 
ties, $135,765. It has 18 state grand lodges, 
100,864 members, and operates in 26 states, 
Central and South America and the West 

(E The Ancient Order of Pilgrims, estab- 
lished at Houston, Texas, 5 years ago, re- 
ports resources of $57,959 ; it has a surplus 
of $49,062. B. H. Grimes is Supreme 
Worthy Shepherd. 

(I American Woodmen, of which the Hon- 
orable C. M. White of Denver, Colo., is 
Supreme Commander, reports th6 writing 
of over $60,000,000 of insurance; it has a 
fund of $500 000 to care for matured poli- 

(I Grand Lodge Knights of Pythias of 
Georgia reports a balance of $208,031, with 
total assets of $409,041. Last year 11,634 
applications for membership were made. 
The Past Grand Chancellor is J. J. Bolen 
of Savannah. 


THE Rev. Henry Allen Boyd of Nash- 
ville, Tenn., will sail during Septem- 
ber for Tokyo, Japan, where he will be a 
Negro delegate to the World's Sunday 
.School Convention. 

d Mildred Barrett, formerly a teacher of 
Gay Street School, West Chester, Pa., .has 
been received into the Order of the Oblate 
Sisters of Providence at Baltimore. She 
is the first colored girl from this section to 
enter a Catholic convent. 


^THHE pre-natal clinic opened under the 
■*■ supervision of the Maternity Center 
Association in the offices of the New York 
Urban League has already a daily average 
of 10 patients. In addition to the daily 
clinic, Harlem physicians conduct a special 
weekly clinic for the Center. The New 
York Urban League also sponsors a nurs- 
ing center in its office, directed by Henry 
Street Settlement. The Visiting Nurse from 
this center visits at least 10 sick persons 
each day. 

(I Nineteen out of 24 applicants fcr social 
service fellowships with the National Ur- 
ban League passed their examinations; the 
successful candidates are Inabel F. Burns 
and Edwin J. Morgan to the New York 
School of Social Work, and Lillian S. Proc- 
tor and John M. Wiseman to the Chicago 
School of Civics and Philanthropy. The 
fellowships are for $400 each. 
d The Alter Light Company of Chicago, 
which is using colored girls furnished 
through the League, threatens to test the 
validity of a clause found in its lease for- 
bidding the use of colored help, if -the mat- 
ter is further pressed by the leaser. 
G Rand McNally & Company, printers and 
publishers of maps, at the instigation of the 
Chicago Urban League, have taken on 40 
colored girls in one of their offices with a 
colored woman in charge. The number of 
girls to be employed will reach 200. 
G Harvey B. Atkins, Industrial Secretary 
of the Cleveland organization, reports that 



colored girls are becoming expert operators 
of power machines at increasingly large 
wages. The Liberty Garment Company em- 
ploys 75 such operators; the Manual Prod- 
ucts Company employs more than 50. 
CL The Annual Conference of Urban 
League executives will be held in Newark, 
N. J., October 20-23. Reports from local 
fields indicate that it will be the largest 
annual conference yet held by the League. 
Louis I. Dublin, Chief Statistician of the 
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, will 
discuss life insurance and the reduction of 
mortality as brought about by the Metro- 
politan. Other speakers of national import 
will discuss the various phases of industry, 
including health and housing and special 
training both in industry and social service. 
The Association of Negro Industrial Wel- 
fare Workers will hold its annual meeting 
at this time in conjunction with the Na- 
tional Urban League. 

C Taking advantage of the meeting of the 
National Medical Association in Atlanta, 
the Atlanta Urban League secured permis- 
sion from 8 industrial plants employing 
colored workers to have health talks given 
at the noon hour by the visiting physicians: 
They were enthusiastically received by the 
mixed groups of colored and white workers 
whom they addressed. 


r "T , HE Legislature has passed a bill pr'o- 
-*- viding $50,000 for a park for Negroes 
at Nashville, Tenn. 

C Representative Daniel of Heard County, 
Ga., has introduced a bill which provides 
that no person born on or descended from 
a person born on the continent of Africa 
shall vote or hold office in the State of 
Georgia. The bill has been referred to the 
Committee on Privileges and Elections. 


r T" , HE following lynchings have taken 
-*■ place since our last record: 

Ozark, Ala., August 6 — Sills Spinks and 
Justin Jennings; attack on white woman. 

Pensacola, Fla., August 13 — Hosea Poole; 

Corinth, Miss., August 28— Blutcher Hig- 
gins and Dan Callicut; assaulting chain- 
gang guard. 

Tulsa, Okla., August 29 — Ray Belton; 

Oklahoma County, Okla., August 30 — 
Claude Chandler; murder. 


DR. A. C. BROWNE of Chicago, who 
served with the 366th Field Hospital 
(92nd Division), has returned to France. 
He will apply for French citizenship and 
practice at Cean (Calvidas) with a French 
dentist. Dr. Cobb, formerly of the 366th 
Infantry (92nd Division), upon his own re- 
quest was discharged in France to engage 
in dentistry at St. Die (Vosges). 
C In a Civil Service examination at Phila- 
delphia for Assistant Teacher, Bureau of 
Recreation, Clarence J. Grinnell, colored, 
made an average of 90 per cent and was 
placed second on the list. 
C Columbus Avenue Playground at Boston, 
Mass., has been renamed William E. Carter 
Playground in memory of a colored veteran 
of the World War. 

(I A thousand dollar contribution of needle- 
work by women of Africa, the West Indies 
and North and South America was exhibited 
at the Quadrennial Mite Missionary meet- 
ing held at Jacksonville, Fla. 
G John R. Shillady, formerly secretary of 
the National Association for the Advance- 
ment of Colored People, has been appointed 
Executive Director of the National Con- 
: sumers' League in New York City. The 
latter organization has become recognized 
as the national authority on the shorter 
work day, minimum wage, and other legis- 
lation affecting women and girl workers. 
j C Dr. F. S. Belcher, colored, has been ap- 
l pointed city physician at Savannah, Ga. 
C Patrolman Richard H. Anderson, a Ne- 
gro, has passed the examination for Police 
Sergeant at Philadelphia, Pa., with an av- 
erage of 38 points above that of other ap- 
plicants. He is connected with the 19th 
District. In Philadelphia there are 300 col- 
ored policemen. 

C Negroes of Charleston, S. C, have com- 
pleted the payment of $6,000 for a building 
site for a Y. M. C. A. Mr. G. D. Brock, a 
graduate of Morehouse College, is in charge. 
G Adelaide Childs, colored, has been ap- 
pointed policewoman at Washington, D. C. 
She is 25 years of age. 
G To oppose the migration of Negroes, at 
Canton, Miss., the following sign is stretched 
across the main streets: "Come White and 
Colored People and Let's Get Together"! 



G The State Board of Control at Charles- 
ton,* W, Va., has appropriated $150,000 for 
the erection of "Old Long Farm", a hospital 
for insane Negroes. 

(I The following locations of colored regi- 
ments have been given: 9th Cavalry — 34 
officers, 1,523 enlisted men — Camp Stotsen- 
bery; 10th Cavalry — 10 officers, 900 enlisted 
men — Fort Huachuca, Ariz.; 24th Infantry 
— 52 officers, 1,283 enlisted men — Camp 
Furlong, Columbus, N. M.; 25th Infantry — 
42 officers, 2,103 enlisted men — Camp Ste- 
phen D. Little, Nogales, Ariz. 
C John R. Holmes, a Negro at Youngs- 
town, Ohio, has been appointed meter read- 
er in the City Water Department. He was 
one of the highest two among 14 applicants. 
d In Chatham County, Ga., there are 43,- 
981 Negroes who pay taxes on 5,000 acres 
of land valued at $2,118,732. 
C At Philadelphia, a Bureau of Social Ser- 
vice is to be organized, in connection with 
the Department of Public Welfare, of which 
Mr. R. R. Wright, Jr., has been appointed 
Secretary by Mayor Moore. 
C Negro officials in the Police Department 
are a Lieutenant of Police at Chicago; a 
Police Sergeant at Atlantic City and Bos- 
ton; and a Detective Sergeant at Washing- 

C Mrs. Beatrice Moore, colored, has been 
appointed an Assistant Postmistress at 

C At a horse show at Fort Meyer, Va., 
Sergeant Augustus G. Lindsay of the Army 
War College Detachment, won first place 
over 21 white competitors in the jumping 
contest. He was awarded a silver loving 
cup by General Holbrooke. 
C The colored branch of the Y. M. C. A. 
in Chicago is conducting 4 glee clubs, 3 effi- 
ciency clubs and a baseball league with 9 
teams among workers in 11 industrial 
plants. The organization employs 10 sec- 
retaries, 3 of whom give their entire time 
to industrial work. Mr. George R. Arthur 
is executive secretary. 

(I At the Olympic athletic meet, Sol Butler 
pulled a tendon in the broad jump and was 
forced to retire; R; E. Johnson, running in 
third position, was stricken with cramps in 
the fifteenth lap of the 10,000 meter run 
and was forced to leave the track; H. F. V. 
Edwards, England's colored sprinter, fin- 
ished third in the short dashes, running 200 
meters in 21 4/5 seconds. 


Cbe Brownies' Book 


Especially designed for our children 
but good as well tor "grown-ups." 

Pictures, Stories, History, Biography, Cur- 
rent News of the world — a unique and val- 
uable publication, helpful for parents and 
teachers and children. 


from a father* 

The idea of the BROWNIES' BOOK is 
great. You and I will probably never know 
what a blessing it is in reaching the chil- 
dren and in giving them inspiration and 
knowledge as they become the men and 
women of tomorrow. Mrs. Weaver and I 
quarrel monthly with the children as to 
who should be the first to read the BROWN- 
IES' BOOK. We have decided that there 
shall be no quarreling in the future. I am 
to read it through aloud and each review 
it according to age. 

Chicago, 111. 

from a mother : 

You will find enclosed a money order for 
which please enter a year's subscription to 
THE BROWNIES' BOOK. The amount in- 
cludes sufficient for the first seven issues 
of THE BROWNIES' BOOK in addition. My 
children are too young to appreciate it now, 
but I'm sure they'll miss something if I wait 
longer. HELEN McG. NICKENS, 

Merry Point, Va. 

from a teacher: 

Please send me 150 additional copies of the 
BROWNIE^' BOOK (100 copies were received 
yesterday). Please send by return mail if 
possible. The children can scarcely wait for 
each number. ELLA LYNCH, 

Washington, D. C. 

from a Preacher: 

I am sending herewith nineteen yearly sub- 
scriptions and one six months' subscription 
to the BROWNIES' BOOK. Find money order 
enclosed for the same. The BROWNIES' 
BOOK fills a long felt need amone our dear 
little ones. E. A. MOORE, 

Pastor A. M. E. Church, 
Chapel Hill, N. C. 

from a Child: 

Enclosed please find thirty cents for which 
please send me the last two numbers of THE 
BROWNIES' BOOK. I like it very much and 
can tell all of the stories that I have read 

Dalton, Mo. 

$1.50 PER YEAR 15c. PER COPY 

Samples sent on request 
Agents Wanted Subscribers Wanted 

DU BOIS and DILL, Publishers 

FWest*13th St. New York, N. Y. 







A high institution for the training of 
colored youth. Excellent equipment, 
thorough instruction, wholesome sur- 
roundings. Academic training for all 

Courses in carpentry, agriculture and 
trades for boys, including auto re- 
Courses in domestic science and do- 
mestic art for girls. 
A new trades building, thoroughly 

New girls' dormitory thoroughly and 
modernly equipped. 

Terms reasonable. 

Fall term opened September, 1920. 

For information address 
W. R. VALENTINE, Principal 

Training School 


Negro Women 

Re-opened at Shaw University, 
October 1, 1920. For informa- 
tion write Mrs. J. L. Peacock, 
East Northfield, Mass. 


Laboratory Fees in Auto Mechanics at 
the Prairie View State Normal and In- 
dustrial College will be increased Sep- 
tember 15th, 1920. 

For further information write 

W. P. Terrell 

Supt* Mech. Dept. 

Prairie View Texas 


A Reader for Colored Children 

Compiled by Myron T. Pritchard and Mary W. Ovington. With 
an Introduction by R. R. Moton, Principal of Tuskegee Insti- 
tute. Poems, stories and addresses by Negro authors. . . .$1.35 
This is the only book of its sort on the market; the first distin- 
guished compilation to give an adequate comprehension of the 
depth and richness inherent in the literary product of our Negro 
authors. The book is illustrated by a Negro artist. 

"/ regard 'The Upward Path' as a distinct contribution to the literature produced by 
Negro authors, and a book which will do much toward inculcating in the minds of 
Negro youth a pride in the achievements of colored writers. It should be in the hands 
of every person who desires to see the better side of the colored race." 

James Weldon Johnson, Acting Secretary of The National Association for the 
Advancement of Colored People. 

HARCOURT, BRACE & HOWE, 1 W, 47th St., New York, N. Y. 

or from the CRISIS 

Mention The Crisis. 




Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls, Daytona, Fla. 

Beautiful location, ideal home life, fine, modern equipment. 
Courses include Kindergarten, Primary, Grammar, High, Normal, Vocational. 
Nurse Training at McLeod Hospital a specialty. Terms reasonable. 

Send for Catalog. 




Positions Secured 



The School of Results 
The Only One of Its Kind 



teach a 30-Day Course. 
Impossible as it may seem — many stu- 
dents take dictation in 25 days. Our 
graduates are all over the country. 
Ask them! Don't spend your valuable 
time LEARNING antiquated systems — 
when you can be EARNING with 
Boyd's 30-Day Course. 


for Class Placement. Assignments are 
very limited — due to space. Announce- 
ment of removal to larger quarters 
very soon. 

Write for Catalog 14 — Full Information of 
Fall Term. 


M. J. DERRICK, Prin. & Mgr. 

Berean Manual Training 

and Industrial School 
Fall Term Opened October 5th, 1920 

Are you looking for Training in good- 
paying Trades? JOIN BEREAN. 

Are you looking for special coaching in 
academic studies? JOIN BEREAN. 

Are you looking for sympathetic instruc- 
tion in elementary studies? JOIN BEREAN. 
Evening Classes. Moderate Tuition Fees. 
Painstaking Teachers. 

Write or Call on the Principal, 


1926 South College Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Opposite Girard College 

Vital, Essential, Indispensible! 

Your town has Church and 
School, why not Literary 
also? Organize at once! 
Send 20 cents in stamps for 
topics, supplies, etc. Paid 
workers wanted. 

National Literary Association 
1230 You St., N. W-, Washington, D. C. 




Located in cur own $50,- FLO R. I PA 
000 home. Large faculty of 
'trained teachers. Open day 
and night, all year. Rates 
about half those of other 
schools. Special correspon- 
dence courses for those who 
cannot attend in person. Send 
for illustrated catalogue and 
terms. Positions secured for 
415-417-419 Broad Street 




The Lincoln Hospital and Home 

in the city, of New York 

offers to young colored women a three 
years' course of instruction in nursing. 
Capacity of hospital — 420 beds. 
Post Graduate Course of six months to 
graduates of accredited schools. 
For information apply to: 

Superintendent of Nurses 
Lincoln Hospital and Home 

New York, N.Y. 

SCHOOL, 325 Lake Street, Montgomery, Ala. 

Offers to High School graduates and young 
women of higher education and good moral 
character, between the ages of 18 and 35, a 
three years' course in the profession of nurs- 
ing. For further information apply to the 
Superintendent enclosing a stamp. 

For the most valuable books 
dealing with the Negro Problem 
Address The CRISIS 

THE STENOGRAPHERS' INSTITUTE, 1227 s. 17th St., phiia., Pa. 


Let us equip you to take a position in a Business Office in a short, time by talcing our course in Benn Pitman Short- 
hand, Touch Typewriting and Practical Bookkeeping. Instructions given on the MuHigraph, Mimeograph and Adding 
Machines. Classes in Touch System of Typewriting organized every Monday. Our certificated students axe efficient and 
are in demand by business men all over the country. 

JOB WORK — We typewrite social and business letters, circulars, postal cards, funeral notices, sermons, essays, poems, 

addresses and duplicate handwriting, music and drawings. Mult graphing a specialty. 

Fall term opens Oct. 4. 1920. EDWARD T. DUNCAN, President. 

Mention The Crisis. 



The Political Session 

of the 


The Fifth Annual Session of the 
National Race Congress of America, 
Inc., will convene at the John Wesley 
A. M. E. Zion Church, 14th and Corco- 
ran Streets, N. W., Washington, D. C. 

October 5—8, 1920 

Every organization in the race, includ- 
ing Churches, Leagues, and Fraternal 
Societies, is requested to send delegates 
to this Congress. Forward looking men 
and women of the race will be among 
the speakers. In view of the Presiden- 
tial election this fall, this convention is 
of paramount importance. 

For Information address 


903 Third St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

W. H. Jernagin, President, 

John R. Hawkins, Executive Secretary. 

Books For Sale 

Darkwater — W. E. B. DuBois $2.00 

"The book that stirs the heart like 
a trumpet." 

The Rising Tide of Color — Lothrop Stod- 
dard 3.00 

The Negro Faces America — Herbert J. 
Seligmann 1.75 

The Shadow — Mary White Ovington. . . . 2.00 
"A story that penetrates." 

The Life and Times of Frederick Doug- 
lass By Himself . 3.00 

Finding a Way Out — Maj. R. R. Moton 2.50 

Send money order or check to 

Young's Book Exchange 

135 W. 135th St. New York, N. Y. 


For 1921 


Beautiful Negro Subjects 


\s If-*?? "s e 7 s \ 
19 10 II is is /* /s 
m ir is to ta si a? 1 

# sv ss w st as s»,}. 







Also pictures of yojr business place or yourself can be 
set in one of our beautiful Art Borders 


Colocmon Wantorl S Only those who can produce 1 
OdlGdillGll ndlllCU — \ tials— State territory wanted. 

Write Today— It's Getting Late 

413 Florida Ave., N. W. Washington, D. C. 



Now is the time to read this book. Approved 
by Distinguished Haitians. 

PRICE $1.25 
Address the author, T. G. STEWARD, Wilber- 
force, Ohio. Edition nearly exhausted. 


Latest Issue On Sale 
1918-1919 Edition 

Price Postpaid, paper cover, 75c; board cover, $1.25. 

Address: Negro Year Book Company, 

Tuske?p<! Inetitute, A'a. 

TWO GREAT BOOKS for $2.50 


(1) The History of the Negro Race and NegTo Soldiers in the 

Spanish-American War, Dating Back to Egypt and the 

Pharoas — 400 .pages, 50 illustrations. (Retails alone for 

$1-25.) Was adopted as a textbook by North Carolina 
State Board of Education. 

(2) The Pictorial History of the Negro in the Great World 

War, giving a brilliant historical sketch, a description of 
battle scenes by Colonel HaywooH, of the Fighting Fif- 
teenth New York, Capt. Marshall, Sergeant Steptoe, Ralph 
Tyler and others, with 150 excellent pictures of officers 
and men and war views. (Sells alone for $2.00.) 

Just Think, only $2.50 for these two great books. 

Agents wanted everywhere, large commissions paid 

ADDRESS: E. A. JOHNSON, 17 West 132nd Street, New York, N.Y. 

Mention The Crisis. 


Neither the mailed fist nor resolutions will cure the present state of unrest. But the everyday 
practice of the Business Golden Rule — "To live and let live"-^by all individuals, associations and 
corporations engaged in business, will do much toward restoring confidence and contentment to 
the. public. 

The Southern Aid Society of Va., Inc., did not raise its rates of premiums during the war 
period — nor since. It did not reduce the benefits to its members by any form of evasion. It did 
not withdraw its Unmatched Policy of Full Coverage and Life Time Protection to its members — 
and as a result of this liberal treatment to its members, the Southern Aid Society has now the 
good will of all its members and enjoys a larger patronage in its field of operation than ever before. 

Thousands of contented members are constantly expressing themselves like the following: — 

An Eminent Physician and Surgeon Writes 

267 W. Main St., Charlottesville, Va., 

May 6th, 1920. 

It is my pleasure to state that I have been engaged in the practice of medicine in this city 
for about sixteen years. Having had ample opportunity to observe the great Southern Aid Society 
in action, noting their prompt payments and excellent business procedure, I take pride in recom- 
mending them as Above Them All. 

(Signed) Geo. R. Ferguson, M.D. 

Paid Claim After 3 Days Membership 

Anderson Ave., Danville, Va., 

May 10th, 1920. 

This is to certify that my husband, Sam Watkins, was a member of the Southern Aid Society, 
receiving his policy on Monday, died on Wednesday, and I received his Death Claim oh the follow- 
ing Monday. He had paid the Society only 50 cents dues, and I received $28.75. 

I wish to say that the Southern Aid Society is the best company I know for the prompt pay- 
ment of both sick and death claims. 

Wishing you continued success, I am, 

Very truly yours, 

(Signed) (Mrs.) Lizzie Watkins 

Weekly Benefits Each Week for 4 Years 

Prominent Physician Certifies to Fact 

1607 Taylor St., Lynchburg, Va., 

April 3, 1920. 

I, Laura Jackson, of 1607 Taylor St., Lynchburg, Va., carry a policy, No. 62573, Premium 
35 cents a week, with the Southern Aid Society of Va., was taken sick March 1, 1916, and have 
received my weekly benefits every week up to and including April 3, 1920. 

I recommend the Southern Aid Society to be prompt in their payments, and can say truth- 
fully that they carry a perpetual paying policy. 

I have received during my illness the amount of $710.93. 

(Signed) Laura Jackson, 

(Witness) Irene Jackson. 
This is to certify that th e above statement is correct and that I have filed certificates each 
week during Mrs. Laura Jackson's illness. 

(Signed) J. A. Brown, M.D. 

No insurable person in Virginia should be without the Superior Policy 
issued by the — 

Southern Aid Society of Va., Inc. 

Home Office: 527 N. Second Street 
Richmond, Va. 

District Offices and Agencies thruout the State. Policy provides protection 
against Sickness, Accidents and Death — All for One Premium. 

A. ©. PRTCE— Pres. B. L. JORDAN— Sec. W. A. JORDAN— Ass't Sec. 

Mention The Crisis. 





Of Haiti 

A Super-photoplay 



Will be released this Fall 





In the title role 

This stupendous photoplay, based upon Col. Charles Young's story and dramatized 
by CLARENCE K MUSE, of the LAFAYETTE PLAYERS, is an achievement of 
which the Delsarte Film Corporation is justlv proud. The setting of this master- 
piece is laid in the ISLAND REPUBLIC of HAITI. 

The Glamour of beautiful Haiti, the Hypnotic influence of the AFRICAN 
Voodoo, the thrill of true Patriotism, the tender touch of Love and Duty, all blended 
in radiant romantic Tragedy that creeps up close to your heart. 

The Moving Picture Business has developed to such proportions that it is now classed by persons 
in position to judge as "the third largest American industry." To a limited number of persons, whc 
desire to invest in "the THIRD largest American industry," a few shares of Stock, listed at $100 
per share, are offered. The limit to each purchaser is 10 shares. 

For particulars, write 

John S. Brown, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer 
Delsarto Film Corporation 
1919 Broadway 

Suite 54; Tel. Columbus 1514 
New York, N. Y. 

F. Harrison Hough, 

John S. Brown, Jr., 

Secretary- Treasurer 

Clarence E. Muse, 

Director General 


Mention The Crisis. 





Standard Songs Which Should be in Every Repertoire 



A beautiful spiritual with a heart-throb in every note* with a new arrangement by one of America's 

foremost composers. PRICE 40c. 


PRICE 30c. A ballad par-excellent. 


PRICE 20c. For little tots and school children. 
Just what the name implies. 


PRICE 30c. A wonderfully melodious mother croon. A Lullaby. The sweetest song on Broadway. 


B y W- C. HANDY {ft? v, ; , - By j BERNI BARBOUR 

A soul-stirring: martial hymn of beauty. Special •■ :• p RICE 3 o c . An Egyptian Intermezzo. 
Prices in lots to Choirs and Schools, 




: -■. . By j: BERNI BARBOUR 

PRICE 15c. A "Good Bye" appeal of a lover. Beautiful lyrics and wonderful music. A master- 
piece of musical composition. 


PRICE 15c. Another "Casey Jones'' or "Steam- 
boat Bill". Sung by Marion Harris on Columbia 
Record. *. 


PRICE 30c. Sung by Marion Harris on Colum- 
v' bia Record. It's great. 


PRICE 30c. Sung by Mamie Smith on Okeh Record. The first colored girl to make a record of a 

popular song, and it's a wonderful record. 


PRICE 30c. Always a favorite. On all Player 
Rolls and Phonograph Records. 

Two Great Columbia Records by 




PRICE 15c. A song brimful of life. Recorded by Sweatman's Orchestra on Columbia Record. 


We can fill vour orders for Player Rolls. 

Our music may be had wherever sheet music is sold, and at the music counters of Woolworth, 
Kress, Kresge. McCrory, Metropolitan and National Stores, or direct from the Publishers. 

N. B. — If it is Sheet Music you want we can supply you. If we don't publish it we will get it for you. 



232 W. 46th Street Dept. C New York, N. Y. 

Mention The Crisis. 



Cleota J. Collins 

Lyric Soprano 

"Judging from the appear- 
ance, of a large number of 
music lovers, her sweet lyric 
voice held them spellbound. 
She was applauded again and 
again after each number." — 
Boston Chronicle. < 





"Miss Junius is the possessor of a Contralto 
voice, lovely in quality, which she uses artis- 
tically." — Oscar Saenger. 

74 W. 142d ST. NEW YORK, N. Y. 



Available for Concerts 

Telephone 6393 Morningside 
174 W. 136th Street New York, N. Y. 

Clarence Cameron White 


Recitals, Concerts, Instruction 

Studio: . 
616 Columbus Avenue Boston, Mass. 


Graduate of Institute of Musical Art 
Organist-Director of Music of St. Marks M. E. 
Church; Concert Accompanist; Piano, Voice, 
Theory, Instruction, Conducting, Coaching. 
Harmony taught from beginning to com- 
pletion. Private or correspondence. 
Geothius system. 
Studio: 185 W. 135th St., New York, N. Y. 
Telephone Morningside 1708. 

The Colored Teachers' Bureau 

Will Help You Get a Better Paying Position. 

Address: Colored Teachers' Bureau 

Box 22, Wilberforce, 0. 

Badges, Banners, Lodge Regalia 

For all Lodge and Church Societies 


JOS. L. JONES, Pre*.' 

N. E. Cor. 8th and Plum Sls. f Cincinnati, Ohio 




















Colored American business men desiring to trans- 
act business between Haiti and the United States 
of America, are cordially invited to communi- 
cate with us. 


Live Agents At Once To Sell' 


for furniture, pianos, church pews, hard- 
wood floors and hundreds of other things 
that have a varnished surface. Makes them 
look like new. Agents can make $50.00 to 
$75.00 per week selling Dudley's Polish to 
furniture dealers, drug stores, hardware 
stores, churches, housekeepers, automobile 
stores, paint stores and grocery stores. 
Special Offer: For 90 days we will ship to 
all new agents $10.00 worth of Dudley's 
Polish for $5.00. Take advantage of this 
special offer at once. 

Dudley & Porter Manufacturing Co. 

116 South Main St., Muskogee, Okla. 


Developing roll films 10c. each, film pack 15c. each. 
Prints 4c. each, post cards 5c. each. Any size up to 
3J4 by 5 V 2 . Enlargements from negatives 5x7, 25c: 
8 by 10, 50c. Quality and service. A trial will 
convince you. Return postage paid. Send coin or 
money order. 


Box 66C, Evanston, 111. 

Tel. 5437 Fort Hill Cable Address, Epben 

Attorney and Counsellor-at-Law 

S4 School Street Boston, Mass. 

Telephone Connection 

Telephone, Baring 7794 


Real Estate and Insurance 
Notary Public Mortgages 

6 North 42nd Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Agents Wanted 

greatest Negro Journal. Agents' terms, 3c 
per copy in advance. 

3116 Indiana Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

Mention The Crisis. 


j^ «3«b^ ■ ^ ■ kv ^ mmaam na Han ■MMH«aMBEM»!aa««BaMi^«^»JaHMiMMmni^»«MBa»«««i 

■ in i ii ii m i in i hi 1 1 hi IVi ii um mi ll in mi i ii i in in iniiniiim in n nit i m mil mu 

a dam wa t 






£1 soft talcum, en- 
■t i trancingly per- 
fumed with the 
attar of clusters of 

Light and pure, 
equalling the best and 
most expensive Tal- 
cum and taking its 
place as one of 
Madam C.J. Walker's 
Superfine Toilet 



For Your 

Beauty's Sake We 

Make This Series 


Superfine Toilettes 



640 North West Street - - Indianapolis, Indiana 

Mention The Crisis. 



j6i^l-*."^ wgh' 


To Secure Lots Under Our Attrac- 
tive Development Plan in Beautiful 





All who visited Orchardville this season were so well 
pleased with everything that they either purchased more 
lots themselves or advised their friends to do so. 
Nothing could serve as a greater testimonial than this. 

Having found that things are exactly as represented, 
the people are now urging their friends to act quickly 
and secure lots before they are all gone. You can see 
how this will cause the demand to increase faster than 
ever before, and how important it is that YOU lose no 
more time in getting YOUR lots. 

Reme mber that each lot is 30 x 144 feet and is to 

planted on it, and that the lots and trees will be 

taken care of for FOUR YEARS WITHOUT EXTRA 

COST. The terms are only $6.00 down and $3.00 a 
month. Smaller terms on more than one lot. 

Each lot is guaranteed to be high and dry under a 
MONEY BACK GUARANTEE, and the title to the 
property is ABSOLUTELY CLEAR. A warranty deed 
is given without extra cost, also an abstract of title. 

Our beautiful booklet gives all the details of this offer, 
and contains a great many interesting photographs. Send 
for a copy TODAY by simply filling in the attached 


Arenson Realty Development Corporation 

19 S. La Salle Street 


{ Arenson Realty Development Corp 

Chicago, 111. 


! your booklets 

— I am 




Orchardville offer 

and would 






! C-10-20. 

'Mention The Crisis. 




This offer is one of the biggest, most gener- 
ous ever made by any tailoring house. It's 
your one big opportunity to get a finely tail- 
ored-to-measure 2-piece suit with box back, 
superbly trimmed and cut in the latest city 
style for only $15.00. 


Your own local tailor couldn't and wouldn't 
make you a suit for $15.00, let alone supply 
the cloth, linings and trimmings. Why not 
save 50% on your next suit? We have such 
a tremendous business, buy all our materials 

in such large quantities and have such a perfect organi- 
zation that we can make these wonderful prices— and 
remember we guarantee style, fit and workmanship or 
your money back. 

You Save $ 9 to $ |5 

This suit for $15.00 clearly proves our supremacy in the tailoring field. We offer 

dozens of equally good values. Let's tell ■%■ O^m.^Ij* Ai.lfil FDCC 

you about them. We would rather you did |J|g 03mPI6 UUlTIT rKbC 

not send us any money until we send our B E 

Write us today and we will mail you absolutely FREE our beautifully illustrated 
pattern book showing dozens of the latest city styles and designs, also many large 
size cloth samples to choose from. You will be simply thunderstruck at the excep- 
tional values we are offering this year. Don't delay; we urge you to act quick; today! 


Dept. 601 CHICAGO 


Mention The Crisis. 



Patti's Brazilian Toilette Luxuries 

Compounded with the same care as used in filling a doctor's prescription. 
Don't be ashamed and hide your face. Get Patti's Brazilian Secret Booklet 
and learn how to care for your skin. Each day your skin grows smoother 
and your complexion clearer. 

Patti's Beauty Secret Book, how to care for your skin, and six Toilette 
Preparations for $5.00. 1,000 agents wanted. 

Anita Rose Perfume $1.25 oz. bottle 

Patti's Beauty Cream.. 68c Anita Lilac Perfume ... 1.25 " " 

Patti's Night Cream 68c Anita Lotus Perfume ... 1.25 " " 

Patti's Day Cream 68c Anita Trefle Perfume .. 1.25 " " 

Patti's "La Traviata" Powder 68c Anita Oriental Perfume. 1.25 " " 

Anita Djerkiss Perfume 1.25 " " 

Send 10c postage for mailing one article— 2c for each additional article. 
Send for Anita Patti Brown's Columbia song record, "VILLIANELLE", 
by mail $2.25. Agents Wanted — No Samples or C. O. D. Orders. 
Address all orders to A. A. Brown, Manager 


4723 St. Lawrence Ave., Apt. 3, CHICAGO, ILL. 


Selling our Enlarged Photo Me- 
dallions, Photo Cuff Button. 
Photo Lockets, Photo Watch 
Charms, Photo Breast Pins, 
Photo Clocks and 
Life Size Por- 
traits (16x20). 
We c.-py from 
any Photograph 
and Return Your 
Original Photo. 
Agents' Enlarged 
Samples 25c. 
Negro Books, Pictures and Post 
Cards. Prompt Shipments. 1000 
Agents and Dealers Wanted. Free Catalog.. Bethel Art 
Co., 97 South St., Jamaica. N. Y. 


Agents for THE CRISIS, Dignified Work 
70 Fifth Avenue, New York 




Real Human Hair 










AH onr wigs are 
hand made and 
•tried; to order, 
from maker to 

WIGS, Trans- 
formations, switch- 
es, and Braids and 
all other articles of 
hair goods. 

No. 604— Price $10.50 

We carry the largest selection of Hair Dress- 
ers' Tools. 

F The celebrated Mme. Baron's Preparations 

which makes the skim velvetlike, the hair 

Mme, Baum's Mail Order House 

P. O. BOX 145, 
Penn. Teruiinal Station, New York, N. Y. 

When writing, mention this paper. 


Then you ought to have a set of ' officially 
taken pictures of colored troops showing vari- 
ous activities overseas, twelve views in at- 
tractive souvenir portfolio only $2.00. If you 
want something to show for your service get 
these fine views 4*^ x 5^ inches. 

302-G Riggs Bldg. Washington, D. C. 

A MONEY GETTER because it is A CROW^^^ETTER 

Churches and CTubs looking for a play that will afford an 
evening of Side-Splitting Fun, should have 

The Slabtown Convention 

An entertainment in one act; full of wit 
and good humor. Scores of churches have cleared from 
One to Two Hundred Dollars in One Night. PRICE, 50c R J.'^*., NANN,E H - BURROUGHS. Author 
Lincoln Heights. Washington. D. ft 


Beautiful Idlewild 

The most wonderfully ideal spot where young and 
old cast aside for the time all the cares and worries 
of their strenuous, nerve-racking routine lives and 
romp and play once more as children and enjoy to the 
full nature in all her wondrous glory. The waters of 
the lake and surrounding trout streams are fairly 
teeming with game fish of the best varieties. 

Do you enjoy bathing, boating. Ashing, hunting? 

J& m™ m **: roaming through the woods picking 
wild flowers and wild berries? 

Do you want a place to go where you can build u» 
your health, vitality, energy and business efficiency 1 

Do yoa enjoy mingling with the active, thinking / 
KW'LffT'V* the da y-*»Ple who do things?'* / 
h.™ y(m e *"? Ve in Dro^ss »nd do you want to J 
™ V nV^JV"V' *« P«* Progressive move- / 

ments of the time! Surely! 

IwnVw V U be toasted in. and want to 
MfehhJ& of your own in Beautiful Idlewild. 
Michigan. If you act at once you can se- 
cure a beautiful lot for only $35. M each- 
$6.00 cash I $1.00 per week . WheiT ,o£ ' 4 
payments art completed the lot will be > 
transferred to you by an absolute * 

warranty deed with abstract show- * 

Ing clear title. X _, 

to * 

/ . 
' / 

Good live energetic 

agents wanted /^' 


Idlewild Resort SfT/ 
Company /// 4 

1110 Hartford Bldg /<* Jf / 

So. # Dearborn St. /&> 


• x 

$> «nfr> AT -£ «8* * 


Mention The Crisis. 





Per Week 

Emmett J. Scott's 
War History 

(A Few Interesting Chapters.) 
Colored Officers and How They Were Trained. 
Treatment of Negro Soldiers in Camp. 
The Negro Combat Division. 
Negro Soldiers Overseas. 
Negro Heroes of the War. 
Negro Soldier as a Fighter. 
The Spirit of the Negro at the Front. 
Negro Music That Stirred France. 
When the Boys Came Home. 
German Propaganda Among the Negroes. 
What the Negro Got Out of the War. 

The 38 chapters are interesting and instruc- 
tive. There are 600 pages, size 7x9 inches; 
price $3.15. 


744 Pages — 100 r«,yes of Negro Soldiers, 50 Pages of 
other appropriate and interesting pictures. 


is all that the title can possibly mean. The 
author takes up the Great Conflict, following 
it step by step through the thirty excellent 
chapters, including the Terms of Peace. 

The Negro's War for Democratization — He 
braces Himself and Claims to be the Champion 
of Democracy — Enters* the Arena of Combat! 
The German Indigent — The South Sensitive — 
The North Quizzical — The Whole World Hesi- 

The Negro Turns the Tide at Chateau Thierry — 
He Helps Hurl Back the Hordes of the Hun — Wins 
His Place and Right to a Voice in the Affairs of Man- 
kind against Prejudice, Ridicule, Race Hatred and 
almost Insurmountable Obstacles. 

The book is bound in durable cloth, with substan- 
tial head band, price $2.50. In Full Kerotol Moroc- 
co, $3.50. Copy mailed to any address upon receipt 
of the price. Satisfaction guaranteed or money re- 


Ask For 



160 Books 


Emmett J. Scott, Author 

Prof. Kelly Miller, Author 

Dear Reader — We have sold more of these great books than have been sold by all other 
publishers and jobbers. If you wish to sell books, send 25 cents in stamps for one prospec- 
tus, or send 40 cents and we will mail both of them. Millions of these books are being sold, 
BIG MONEY is being made by our SALES PEOPLE. Will you join us in the distribution 
of good helpful race books? 


523 9th St., Washington, D. C. 

Mention The Crisis. 

Made to your measure, payable 
after received, with the clear 

understanding that if the fit is not 
perfect, or if you are not satisfied in 
every way; if you are not convinced 
that you have received a fine, high- 
grade, stylish, splendid-fitting tai- 
lored suit made to your measure 
and have saved at least $15.00 
to $20.00, you are not under the 
slightest obligation to keep it. 
Don't hesitate or feel timid, 
simply send the suit back, no 
cost to you. You are not out 
one penny. Any money you may 
have paid us is refunded at once. 

SEND NO MONEY-just your 
name and address for FREE 
samples and latest styles, 
beautiful NEW samplebook all sent FREE — if you answer now. 


Any man young or old, interested in saving money, who wants 
to dress well and not feel extravagant, is invited to answer at 

once and get our free book of cloth samples and latest fashions, with every- 
thing explained. Simply write letter or postal today, just say "Send me your 
samples" and get our whole proposition by return mail. Agents write too, we have 
a special deal for you. Try it, costs you nothing— just a stamp, get the FREE 
SAMPLES and low prices anyway. Learn something important about dressing 
well and saving money. Send at once. 


Department 847. CHICAGO. ILL. 





Gentlemen : Please send me your complete book of samples and latest styles. 

Name Address 

Everything- free and postpaid. 


For Hair and Skin 


Special money-making offer for live, hustling 
agents who wish to represent a high class line. 




3423 Indiana Avenue CHICAGO, ILL.